Green Infrastructure Evidence Base

References

Content text

1: Introduction

Babbie, E. (2001). The Practice of Social Research. Belmont, CA., Wadsworth.          

Benedict, M. A. and E. T. McMahon (2002). "Green infrastructure: smart conservation for the 21st century." Renewable Resources Journal20(3): 12-17.          

City of Melbourne (2011). Urban Forest Strategy: Making a great city greener 2102-2032. Melbourne, Vic.: 53pp.          

Clark, J. and N. Matheny (2009). "The benefits of trees." Arborist News18(3): 12-19.          

Coutts, A. M., J. Beringer, et al. (2007). "Impact of increasing urban density on local climate: Spatial and temporal variations in the surface energy balance in Melbourne, Australia." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology46(4): 477-493.          

European Commission (2012). The Multifunctionality of Green Infrastructure. Science for Environment Policy. In-depth Reports, European Commission’s Directorate-General Environment.          

Fam, D., E. Mosley, et al. (2008). Irrigation of urban green spaces: A review of environmental, social and economic benefits. Technical Report No. 04/08. Darling Heights, Qld., Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures: 35pp.          

GHD (2011). City of Melbourne:Report for Urban Heat Island Effect, Mitigation Strategies and Planning Policy Approaches. Melbourne, Vic.          

GHD (2011a). City of Melbourne: Report for Urban Heat Island Effect, Literature Review. Melbourne, Vic.          

Holbrook, A. (2009). The Green We Need: An investigation of the benefits of green life and green spaces for urban-dwellers’ physical, mental and social health. Epping, NSW, Nursery and Garden Industry Australia: 175pp.          

Kent, J., S. M. Thompson, et al. (2011). Healthy Built Environments: A review of the literature. Sydney, Healthy Built Environments Program, City Futures Research Centre, UNSW.          

Killicoat, P., E. Puzio, et al. (2002). The Economic Value of Trees in Urban Areas: Estimating the Benefits of Adelaide's Street Trees. TREENET Proceedings of the 3rd National Tree Symposium:5th and 6th September 2002. Adelaide, TREENET Inc.         

Livesley, S. (2010). Energy saving benefits of shade trees in relation to water use., TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium September 2010.          

Loughnan, M. E., N. Nicholls, et al. (2008). "Demographic, seasonal, and spatial differences in acute myocardial infarction admissions to hospital in Melbourne Australia." International Journal of Health Geographics7(42).         

Loughnan, M. E., N. Nicholls, et al. (2010). "When the heat is on: Threshold temperatures for AMI admissions to hospital in Melbourne Australia " Applied Geography30: 63-69.        

Macdonald, E. S., R. and P. Supawanich (2008). The effects of transportation corridors' roadside design features on user behaviour and safety, and their contribution to health, environmental quality, and community economic vitality : A literature review, University of California Transportation Center: 185pp.          

McPherson, E. G. (1995). Net benefits of healthy and productive urban forests. Urban Forest Landscapes:Integrating Multidisciplinary Perspectives. G. A. Bradley, University of Washington Press.          

McPherson, E. G. (2005). "Trees with benefits." American Nurseryman201(7).          

McPherson, E. G., J. Simpson, et al. (2009). "Urban Forests and Climate Change." Retrieved 20 July 2011, from http://www.fed.us/ccrc/topics/urban-forests.          

Moore, G. M. (2000). Treenet:A Management System and Choices for Australia. TREENET Proceedings of the Inaugral Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2000, Adelaide, TREENET Inc.          

Moore, G. M. (2006). Urban trees and the global greenhouse. TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium: 7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide.         

Naumann, S., D. McKenna, et al. (2011a). Design, implementation and cost elements of Green Infrastructure projects. Final report Brussels, European Commission.          

NGIA (2011). Estimating the benefits of Australian Street Trees using i-Tree Stratum - A Pilot Study. Nursery Papers 8, Nursery and Garden Industry Australia.          

Nowak, D. J. and J. F. Dwyer (2007). Understanding the benefits and costs of urban forest ecosystems. Urban and Community Forestry in the Northeast. J. Kruser. Newtown Square, PA., U.S.D.A. Forest Service, North Eastern Research Station,: 25-46.          

Planet Ark (2011). "Climbing Trees: Getting Aussie Kids Back Outdoors." Retrieved 20 April 2012, from http://treeday.planetark.org/about/2011-research.cfm.         

Planet Ark (2012). "Planting Trees: Just What The Doctor Ordered." Retrieved 20 April 2012, from http://treeday.planetark.org/about/health-benefits.cfm.          

Plant, L. (2006). Brisbane: Beautiful one day, perfect the next-Is there room for improvement? TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide,S.A.          

Staley, D. (2004). Casey Trees White Paper: Benefits of the Urban Forest Literature Review. Washington, DC, Casey Trees Endowment Fund 73pp.          

Sustainable Development Commission (2008). "Health, Place and Nature: How outdoor environments influence health and well-being : a knowledge base.".       

Tarran, J. (2006). Trees, Urban Ecology and Community Health. TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium: 7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide, TREENET Inc.          

Tarran, J. (2009). People and trees: providing benefits, onercoming impediments. TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium 3rd and 4th September 2009.          

Thom, B., J. Cane, et al. (2009). National Climate Change Adaptation Research Plan: Settlements and Infrastructure. Gold Coast, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility: 60pp.         

Townend, M. and L. Sick (2011). Report on the City of Melbourne Urban Forest Strategy Health Indicators Project. Melbourne, Deakin University: 27pp.         

Townend, M. and R. Weerasuriya (2010). Beyond Blue to Green: The benefits of contact with nature for mental health and well-being, A Literature Review from the School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, prepared for beyondblue: the national depression initiative.          

Wong, T. H. F. (2011). Blueprint 2011. Stormwater Management in a Water Sensitive City. Melbourne, The Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash University.

2: Green Infrastructure: Concepts and Definitions

AILA (2012). "Adapting to Climate Change: Green Infrastructure." Retrieved 11/10/2012, from http://www.aila.org.au/greeninfrastructure/docs/AILA_green%20infrastructure.pdf.        

Alkire, S. (2002). "Dimensions of human development." World Development30(2): 181–205.         

Argue, J. R. (2004). Water Sensitive Urban Design: Basic Procedures for 'Source Control' of Stormwater. Adelaide, University of South Australia.          

Benedict, M. A. and E. T. McMahon (2002). "Green infrastructure: smart conservation for the 21st century." Renewable Resources Journal 20 (3): 12-17.         

Benson, J. F. and M. H. Roe, Eds. (2000). Landscape and Sustainability. London and New York, Spon Press.          

Bolund, P. and S. Hunhammar (1999). "Ecosystem services in urban areas." Ecological economics 29: 293-301.          

Brisbane City (2013a). State of Australian Cities 2013 - Brisbane Urban Forest Contribution, Brisbane City Council.          

Campbell, N. A., J. B. Reece, et al. (2006). Biology. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W., Pearsons Education Australia.          

City of Melbourne (2011). Urban Forest Strategy: Making a great city greener 2102-2032. Melbourne, Vic.: 53pp.          

City of Sydney (2012a). Decentralised Water Master Plan 2012–2030, City of Sydney.          

Clark, J. R., N. P. Matheny, et al. (1997). "A model of urban forest sustainability." Journal of Arboriculture 23 (1): 17-30.          

Cork, S. J. (nd). The nature and value of ecosysyem services in Australia., CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems.          

Costanza, R., R. d’Arge, et al. (1997). "The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital." Nature 387: 253–260.          

Craul, P. J. (1992). Urban Soils in Landscape Design. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.          

Cross, R. and R. Spencer (2009). Sustainable Gardens. Collingwood, Vic., CSIRO Publishing.          

Daily, G. E. (1997). Nature's Services - Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems Island Press, Washington.          

de Groot, R., L. Brander, et al. (2012). "Global estimates of the value of ecosystems and their services in monetary units." Ecosystem Services 1: 50-61.          

Diener, E., E. Suh, et al. (1999). "Subjective well-being:three decades of progress’." Psychological Bulletin 125 (2): 276-302.          

Dunnett, N. and A. Clayden (2000). Resources:The raw materials of landscape. Landscape and Sustainability. London, Spon Press.          

Dwyer, J. F., D. J. Nowak, et al. (2003). "Sustaining urban forests." Journal of Arboriculture 29 (1): 49-55.          

Ely, M. E. (2010). Integrating trees into the design of the city. School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design. Adelaide, University of Adelaide. PhD: 464pp.          

European Commission (2012). The Multifunctionality of Green Infrastructure. Science for Environment Policy. In-depth Reports, European Commission’s Directorate-General Environment.          

European Commission (2013). Green Infrastructure (GI): Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital. Communication From the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee and the Committee Of The Regions. Brussels European Commission.          

Forman, R. T. T. and M. Godron (1986). Landscape Ecology. New York., John Wiley and Sons.          

Health Council of the Netherlands (2004). Nature and Health:The influence of nature on social, psychological and physical wellbeing The Hague, Health Council of the Netherlands and Dutch Advisory Council for Research on Spatial Planning Nature and the Environment.         

Holmgren, D. (2002). Permaculture: Principles and pathways beyond sustainability. Hepburn, Victoria, Holmgren Design Services.          

Hough, M. (2004). Cities and Natural Processes: a basis for sustainability. London, Routledge.          

Johnson, B. R. and K. Hill, Eds. (2002). Ecology and Design: frameworks for learning. Washington, DC, Island Press.          

Kinesis (2012). Decentralised Energy Master Plan: Trigeneration 2010–2030, City of Sydney.         

Konijnendijk, C. C. (2008). The Forest and the City: The cultural landscape of urban woodland, Springer Science + Business Media.          

Leopold, A. (1948). A Sand County Almanac. New York, Oxford University Press.          

Little, C. E. (1989). Greenways for America. Baltimore and London.. The Johns Hopkins University Press..          

Lovelock, J. (1979). Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth  Oxford University Press.          

Lyle , J. T. (1994). Regenerative Design for Sustainable Development. New York, Wiley.          

Mainka, S. A., J. A. McNeely, et al. (2008). "Depending on Nature: Ecosystem Services for Human Livelihoods." Environment and Behavior 50 (2).          

Maller, C., M. Townsend, et al. (2006). "Healthy nature healthy people:‘contact with nature’as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations." Health Promotion International 21 (1): 45.          

Margolis, L. and A. l. Robinson (2007). Living Systems. Basel, Birkhauser.          

McHarg, I. L. (1979). Design with Nature. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Natural History Press.          

McPherson, E. G. (1995). Net benefits of healthy and productive urban forests. Urban Forest Landscapes:Integrating Multidisciplinary Perspectives. G. A. Bradley, University of Washington Press.          

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2003). Ecosystems and human well-being: a framework for assessment Washington, DC, Island Press.         

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Biodiversity synthesis. Washington, DC, World Resources Institute.          

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005a). Ecosystems and human well-being : health synthesis. Washington, DC, World Resources Institute.          

Miller, R. W. (2007). Urban Forestry: Planning and Managing Urban Greenspaces. Long Grove,ILL., Waveland Press,Inc.          

Mollison, B. (1988). Permaculture: A designer's manual. Tyalgum, N.S.W Tagari Publications.          

Narayan, D., P. Chambers, et al. (2000). Voices of the Poor: Crying Out for Change. New York, Oxford University Press.          

Naumann, S., D. McKenna, et al. (2011a). Design, implementation and cost elements of Green Infrastructure projects. Final report Brussels, European Commission.          

Nowak, D. J. (2010). Sustaining America's urban trees and forests. General Technical Report NRS-62, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 27pp.          

Nowak, D. J. and J. F. Dwyer (2007). Understanding the benefits and costs of urban forest ecosystems. Urban and Community Forestry in the Northeast. J. Kruser. Newtown Square, PA., U.S.D.A. Forest Service, North Eastern Research Station,: 25-46.          

Nowak, D. J., R. Hoehn, et al. (2007). "Oxygen production by trees in the United States." Journal of Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 33 (3): 220-226.          

Nowak, D. J., M. H. Noble, et al. (2001). "Assessing the U.S. urban forest resource." Journal of Forestry 99 (3): 37-42.          

NUFA (2013). "National Urban Forest Alliance (NUFA)." Retrieved 6 June 2013, from http://www.nufa.com.au/.         

Oxigen (2011). Green Infrastructure Working Paper. Adelaide, Botanic Gardens of Adelaide.          

Passmore, J. (1974). Man's Responsibility for Nature: Ecological Problems and Western Traditions. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons.          

Pataki, D. E., M. M. Carreiro, et al. (2011). "Coupling biogeochemical cycles in urban environments: ecosystem services, green solutions, and misconceptions." Frontiers in Ecology 9 (1): 27–36.          

Perry, R. C. (1995). Sustainability in landscaping. Urban Forest Landscapes: Integrating Multidisciplinary Perspectives. G. A. Bradley. Seattle and Washington, University of Washington Press: 175-179.          

Richards, N. A. (1993). "Reasonable guidelines for street tree diversity." Journal of Arboriculture19 (6): 344-350.          

Sandstrom, U. G. (2002). "Green Infrastructure planning in urban Sweden " Planning Practice & Research 17 (4): 373-385.          

Spirn, A. W. (1984). The Granite Garden. New York, Basic Books.          

Sustainable Landscapes Project (2012). "Sustainable Landscapes." Retrieved 18/09/2012, 2012, from http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/botanicgardens/learn/sustainable_landscapes_project.          

Sustainable Sites Initiative (2009). The Case for Sustainable Landscapes, American Society of Landscape Architects, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas at Austin, United States Botanic Garden.          

Thayer , R. L. (1989). "The Experience of Sustainable Landscapes." Landscape Journal 8 (2): 101-110.          

Thayer , R. L. (1994). Gray World,Green Heart:Technology,Nature and Sustainable Landscape. New York, John Wiley.          

Thompson, I. H. (2000). The Ethics of Sustainability. Landscape and Sustainability. London, Spon Press.          

Thompson, I. H. and K. Sorvig (2008). Sustainable Landscape Construction: A guide to green building outdoors. 2nd. edition. Washington D.C., Island Press.          

Thompson, J. W. and K. Sorvig (2000). Sustainable Landscape Construction:A guide to green building outdoors. Washington D.C., Island Press.          

Tzoulas, K., K. Korpela, et al. (2007). "Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using GreenInfrastructure: A literature review." Landscape and Urban Planning 81 (3): 167–178.          

Watson, D. (2007). Sustainable design. Time-Saver Standards for Urban Design. D. Watson, McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing.         

WCED (1990). Our common future (The Brundtland Report), World Commission on Environment and Development.          

Wiersum, K. F. (1995). "200 years of sustainability in forestry: Lessons from history." Journal of Environmental Management 19 (3): 321-329.          

Wolf, K. L. (2003). Ergonomics of the City: Green Infrastructure and Social Benefits. Engineering Green: Proceedings of the 2003 National Urban Forest Conference, Washington D.C.          

World Health Organization (1946). Preamble to the constitution of the WHO as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19-22 June 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representative of 61 States. Records of the WHO, no. 2,. WHO: 100.          

Xiao, Q., E. G. McPherson, et al. (2006). "Hydrologic processes at the urban residential scale." Hydrological Processes 21 (16): 2174 - 2188.

3: Human Health and Well-being

Abraham, A., K. Sommerhalder, et al. (2010). "Landscape and well-being: a scoping study on the health-promoting impact of outdoor environments." International Journal of Public Health 55 (1): 56-59.          

Access Economics (2008). The growing costs of obesity in 2008: three years on, Diabetes Australia: 25pp.           

Addy, C., D. K. Wilson, et al. (2004). "Associations of perceived social and physical environmental supports with physical activity and walking behavior." American Journal of Public Health 94: 440–443.  

Agrawala, A. W., M. Schlossbergb, et al. (2008). "How Far, by Which Route and Why? A Spatial Analysis of Pedestrian Preference." Journal of Urban Design 13 (1): 81-98.        

Anderson, P. M. and K. F. Butcher (2006). "Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes." Future of Children 16: 19-45.           

Armstrong, D. A. (2000). "Survey of community gardens in upstate New York: implications for health promotion and community development." Health Place 6: 319–327.       

Aspinall, P., P. Mavros, et al. (2013). "The urban brain: analysing outdoor physical activity with mobile EEG." British Journal of Sports Medicine(Mar 6. [Epub ahead of print]).  

Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (2008).           

Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (2008). Australian National Children’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey – Main Findings Barton, ACT, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.

Ball, K., A. Bauman, et al. (2001). "Perceived environmental aesthetics and convenience and company are associated with walking for exercise among Australian adults " Preventitive Medicine 33: 434–440.          

Barker, M. (2004). Outdoor education an actual reality experience Outdoor Education Conference. Bendigo, Victoria.       

Bartolomei, L., L. Corkery, et al. (2003). A Bountiful Harvest: Community gardens and neighbourhood renewal in Waterloo, The University of New South Wales: Sydney.    

Baum, F., G. Jolley, et al. (2006). "What makes for sustainable Healthy Cities initiatives?—a review of the evidence from Noarlunga, Australia after 18 years." Health Promotion International 21 (4): 259-265.        

Baum, F. and C. Palmer (2002). "‘Opportunity structures’: urban landscape, social capital and health promotion in Australia " Health Promotion International 17: 351–361.

Baum, F. E. and A. M. Ziersch (2003). "Social Capital." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.57 (5): 320-323.   

Bauman, A. and F. Bull (2007). Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity and Walking in Adults and Children: A Review of Reviews. London, National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence.

Bauman, A., C. Rissel, et al. (2008). Getting Australia Moving: Barriers, Facilitators and Interventions to Get More Australians Physically Active Through Cycling., Cycling Promotion Fund, Melbourne.

Bee-Gates, D. (2007). I want it now: navigating childhood in a materialistic world, Palgrave Macmillan.     

Beer, A., T. Delshammer, et al. (2003). "A changing understanding of the role of green space in high-density housing: a European perspective " Built Environment 29 (2): 132-143.           

Bell, A. and J. Dyment (2008). "Grounds for health: the intersection of green school grounds and health-promoting schools." Environmental Education Research 17 (1): 77-90.

Bell, J. F., J. S. Wilson, et al. (2008). "Neighborhood greenness and 2-year changes in body mass index of children and youth." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 35: 547-553.   

Berman, M. G., E. Kross, et al. (2012). "Interacting with nature improves cognition and affect for individuals with depression.".Journal of Affective Disorders 140: 300–305.         

Berry, H. L. and J. A. Welsh (2010). "Social capital and health in Australia: An overview from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey " Social Science & Medicine 70 (4): 588-596.          

Berto, R. (2005). "Exposure to restorative environments helps restore attentional capacity." Journal of Environmental Psychology 25: 249–259.           

Black, J. L. and J. Macinko (2008). "Neighborhoods and Obesity." Nutrition Reviews 66: 2-20.     

Booth, F. W., Gordon, S. E., C. J. Carlson, et al. (2000). "Waging War on Modern Chronic Diseases: Primary Prevention through Exercise Biology." Journal of Applied Physiology 88 (2): 774-787.

Booth, M. L., N. Owen, et al. (2000). "Social cognitive and perceived environment influences associated with physical activity in older Australians." Preventitive Medicine 31: 15–22.   

Booth, S. L., J. F. Sallis, et al. (2001). "Environmental and Societal Factors Affect Food Choice and Physical Activity: Rationale, Influences, and Leverage Points." Nutrition Reviews 59 (3): 21-29.      

Brook, I. (2010). "The Importance of Nature, Green Spaces, and Gardens in Human Well-Being." Ethics, Place & Environment 13: 295-312.          

Brown, K. H. and A. L. Jameton (2000). "Public health implications of urban agriculture." J Public Health Policy 20–39.    

Bundy, A., T. Luckett, et al. (2009). "The Risk is that there is “No Risk”: A Simple Innovative Intervention to Increase Children’s Activity Levels." International Journal of Early Years Education 17: 33-45.       

Burdette, H. and R. Whitaker (2005). "Resurrecting free play in young children: Looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation and affect " Archives of Pediatric Adolescence Medicine159: 46-50.    

Butterworth, I. (2000). "The relationship between the built environment and wellbeing: A literature review." Retrieved 20 June 2012, from www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/~/media/ProgramsandProjects/ PlanningHealthyEnvironments/Attachments/built_environment.ashx.        

Cackowski, J. M. and J. L. Nasar (2003). "The restorative effects of roadside vegetation: Implications for automotive driver anger and frustration." Environment and Behavior 35 (6): 736-751.

Canu, W., M. Gordon, et al. (2005). "Mother nature as treatment for ADHD: overstating the benefits of Green." American Journal of Public Health.95: 371-372.    

Cervero, R. and M. Duncan (2003). "Walking, bicycling, and urban landscapes: evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area." American Journal of Public Health 93: 1478–1483.         

Chawla, L. (1990). "Ecstatic Places " Children’s Environments Quarterly 7: 18-23.           

Chawla, L. (2002). "Insight, creativity and thoughts on the environment: integrating children and youth into human settlement development " Environment and Urbanization 14: 11-22.  

Cheng, J. C. H. and M. C. Monroe (2012). "Connection to Nature: Children’s Affective Attitude Toward Nature." Environment and Behavior 44: 31-49. 

Children & Nature Network (2010). Health benefits to children from contact with the outdoors and nature, Children & Nature Network (C&NN).       

Cleland, V., D. Crawford, et al. (2008). "A prospective examination of children’s time spent outdoors, objectively measured physical activity and overweight." International Journal of Obesity 32: 1685-1693. 

Clements, R. (2004). "An Investigation of the Status of Outdoor Play." Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 5 (1), 5 (1): 68-80.       

Coen, S. E. and N. A. Ross (2006). "Exploring the material basis for health:characteristics of parks in Montreal neighborhoods with contrasting health outcomes " Health Place 12: 361–371.     

Cohen, D. A., S. Inagami, et al. (2008). "The built environment and collective efficacy." Health and Place 14 (2): 117-366.  

Coley, R. L., F. E. Kuo, et al. (1997). "Where does community grow? The social context created by nature in urban public housing." Environment and Behaviour 29: 468-494.          

Corraliza, J. A. and S. Collado (2011). "Nearby nature as a moderator of stress during childhood." Psicothema 23: 221-226.

Craig, C. L., R. C. Brownson, et al. (2002). "Exploring the effect of the environment on physical activity: a study examining walking to work " American Journal of Preventitive Medicine 23: 36–43.

Crowle, J. and E. Turner (2010). Childhood Obesity: An Economic Perspective, Productivity Commission Staff Working Paper, Melbourne.      

Dallat, M. A. T., I. Soerjomataram, et al. (2013). "Urban greenways have the potential to increase physical activity levels cost-effectively. , Advance Access. ." European Journal of Public Health(First published online: March 26, 2013).        

Davison, K. K. and C. T. Lawson (2006). "Do attributes in the physical environment influence children’s physical activity? A review of the literature." International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 3 (19).

de Vries, S. (2010). Nearby nature and human health: looking at the mechanisms and their implications. Innovative Approaches to Researching Landscape and Health, Open Space: People Space 2. C. Ward Thompson, P. Aspinall and S. Bell. Abingdon, Oxford Routledge: 77-96.         

de Vries, S., R. A. Verheij, et al. (2003). "Natural environments-healthy environments? An exploratory analysis of the relationship between greenspace and health." Environment and planning 35 (10): 1717-1732.

de Vries, S. I., I. Bakker, et al. (2007). "Determinants of Activity-friendly Neighborhoods for Children: Results From the SPACE Study." American Journal of Health Promotion 21 (4): 312–316.

Derr, T. (2006). Sometimes birds sound like fish: Perspectives on children’s place experiences. Children and their environments: learning, using and designing spaces New York., Cambridge University Press.     

Diener, E., E. Suh, et al. (1999). "Subjective well-being:three decades of progress’." Psychological Bulletin 125 (2): 276-302.           

Donovan, G. H., D. T. Butry, et al. (2013). "The Relationship Between Trees and Human Health: Evidence from the Spread of the Emerald Ash Borer." American journal of preventive medicine 44: 139–145.  

Doyle, R. and M. Krasny (2003). "Participatory rural appraisal as an approach to environmental education in urban community gardens " Environmental Education Research 9: 91–115. 

Dunton, G. F., M. Cousineau, et al. (2010). "The Intersection of Public Policy and Health Behavior Theory in the Physical Activity Arena." Journal of Physical Activity and Health7.          

Dwyer, J. F., E. G. McPherson, et al. (1992). "Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forest." Journal of Arboriculture18 (5): 227-234.     

Dwyer, J. F., H. W. Schroeder, et al. (1991). "The significance of urban forests: Towards a deeper understanding of values." Journal of Arboriculture 17: 276-284.      

Dyment, J., A. Bell, et al. (2009). "The relationship between school ground design and intensity of physical activity." Childrens Geographies 7: 261-276.

Dyment, J. E. and A. C. Bell (2008). "Grounds for Movement: Green School Grounds as Sites for Promoting Physical Activity." Health Education Research 23: 952-962.

Echeverría, S., A. V. Diez-Roux, et al. (2008). "Associations of Neighborhood Problems and Neighborhood Social Cohesion with Mental Health and Health Behaviors: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis." Health and Place14 (4): 851-863.   

Ellaway, A., S. Macintyre, et al. (2005). "Graffiti, greenery, and obesity in adults: secondary analysis of European cross sectional survey." British Medical Journal 331 (7517): 611-612.     

Elmendorf, W. (2008). "The importance of trees and nature in community: A review of the relative literature." Journal of Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 34: 152-156.   

Environment and Planning References Committee (2012). Inquiry into Environmental Design and Public Health in Victoria. Parliament of Victoria.  

Ernst, J. and M. Monroe (2004). "The Effects of Environment-Based Education on Students’ Critical Thinking Skills and Disposition toward Critical Thinking." Environmental Education Research 10: 507-522.      

Eyler, A. A., E. Baker, et al. (1998). "Physical activity and minority women: a qualitative study " Health Education and  Behaviour 25: 640–652.

Faber Taylor, A. and F. E. Kuo (2009). "Children with Attention Deficits Concentrate Better after Walk in the Park " Journal of Attention Disorders 12: 402-409.        

Faber Taylor, A. and F. E. Kuo (2011). "Could Exposure to Everyday Green Spaces Help Treat ADHD? Evidence from Children’s Play Settings." Applied Psychology: Health & Well-Being 3: 281.

Faber Taylor, A., F. E. Kuo, et al. (2001). "Coping with ADD: the surprising connection to green play settings " Environment and  Behaviour 33: 54-57.          

Faber Taylor, A., F. E. Kuo, et al. (2002). "Views of Nature and Self-Discipline: Evidence from Inner City Children." Journal of Environmental Psychology 22: 49-64.    

Faber Taylor, A., A. R. Wiley, et al. (1998). "Growing up in the inner city: Green spaces as places to grow." Environment and Behavior 30: 3. 

Fjortoft, I. (2001). "The Natural Environment as a Playground for Children: The Impact of Outdoor Play Activities in Pre-Primary School Children." Early Childhood Education Journal 29: 111-117.           

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Twiss, J., J. Dickinson, et al. (2003). "Community gardens: lessons learned from California healthy cities and communities." American Journal of Public Health 93: 1435–1438.

Ulrich, R. S. (1979). "Visual landscapes and psychological well-being." Landscape Research 4: 17-23.          

Ulrich, R. S. (1981). "Natural versus urban themes: Some psychophysiological effects." Environment and Behaviour (13): 523-556.     

Ulrich, R. S. (1984). "View through a window may influence recovery from surgery." Science 224 (4647): 420-421.

Ulrich, R. S. (1986). "Human responses to vegetation and landscapes." Landscape and Urban Planning 13: 29-44.  

Ulrich, R. S., R. F. Simons, et al. (1991). "Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments." Journal of Environmental Psychology 11: 201-230.  

Ulrich, R. S., R. F. Simons, et al. (2003). "Effects of environmental simulations and television on blood donor stress " Journal of Architecture and Planning 20: 38–47.    

van Dillen, S. M. E., S. de Vries, et al. (2012). "Greenspace in urban neighbourhoods and residents’ health: adding quality to quantity." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 66 (6). 

Velarde, M. D., G. Fry, et al. (2007). "Health effects of viewing landscapes - Landscape types in environmental psychology " Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 6 (4): 199-212.         

Victorian Government (2012). "Vitamin D." Victorian Government Better Health Channel online fact sheet. Retrieved 23/10/2012, from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Vitamin.

Wake, S. J. (2007). "Children’s Gardens: Answering ‘the Call of the Child ?" Built Environment 33 (4): 441-453.     

Wakefield, S., F. Yeudall, et al. (2007). "Growing Urban Health: Community Gardening in South-East Toronto." Health Promotion International 22 (2): 92-101.    

Waliczek, T. M., J. M. Zajicek, et al. (2005). "The influence of gardening activities on consumer perceptions of life satisfaction." Hortscience 40: 1360–1365.           

Ward Thompson, C. (2011). “I’d go outdoors if I could; wouldn’t you?” - Age-friendly neighbourhoods and quality of life. Open Space : People Space 3 . An international conference on Research into Inclusive Outdoor Environments for All. Conference Proceedings. University of Edinburgh. 27-29 June 2011 Edinburgh: 48-54.           

Watson, G. P. L. (2006). "Wild Becomings: How the Everyday Experience of Common Wild Animals at Summer Camp Acts as an Entrance to the More-than-Human World." Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 11: 127-142.         

Wells, N. M. (2000). "At home with nature: effects of "greenness" on children's cognitive functioning." Environment and Behaviour 32 (6): 775-795.    

Wells, N. M. and G. W. Evans (2003). "Nearby Nature: A Buffer of Life Stress Among Rural Children." Environment and Behavior 35: 311.          

Wells, N. M. and K. S. Lekies (2006). "Nature and the Life Course: Pathways from Childhood Nature Experiences to Adult Environmentalism." Children, Youth & Environments16: 1.         

Wendel-Vos, W., M. Droomers, et al. (2007). "Potential Environmental Determinants of Physical Activity in Adults: A Systematic Review." Obesity Reviews 8: 425-440.          

Weuve, J., J. H. Kang, et al. (2004). "Physical activity, including walking, and cognitive function in older women." Journal of American Medical Association 292: 1454-1461.  

White, M. P., I. Alcock, et al. (2013). "Would You Be Happier Living in a Greener Urban Area? A Fixed-Effects Analysis of Panel Data." Psychological Science 24 (6): 920-928.        

Wilson, E. O. (1984). Biophilia:The human bond with other species. Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press. 

Wirz-Justice, A., P. Graw, et al. (1996). "Natural light treatment of seasonal affective disorder." Journal of Affective Disorders 37 (2-3): 109-120.       

Wolch, J., M. Jerrett, et al. (2011). "Childhood obesity and proximity to urban parks and recreational resources: A longitudinal cohort study." Health & Place17: 207-214.        

Wolfe, M. K. and J. Mennis (2012). "Does vegetation encourage or suppress urban crime? Evidence from Philadelphia, PA." Landscape and Urban Planning 108: 112– 122.  

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4: Community Liveability

Akbari, H. (2005). Energy Saving Potentials and Air Quality Benefits of Urban Heat Island Mitigation, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.          

Alexander, C. (1977). A Pattern Language. New York, Oxford University Press.          

Anderson, L. M., B. E. Mulligan, et al. (1984). "Effects of vegetation on human response to sound." Journal of Arboriculture10(2): 45-49.          

Appleton , J. (1975). The Experience of Landscape. New York, John Wiley and Sons.          

Appleton , J. (1984). "Prospect and Refuges Re-Visited." Landscape Journal3(2): 91-103.          

Appleyard, D. (1980). Urban trees,urban forests: What do they mean? Procedings of the National Urban Forestry Conference.13-16 November 1978, Syracuse, State University of Nerw York College of Environmental Science and Forestry.          

Arnold, H. F. (1980). Trees in Urban Design. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold.          

Baldauf, R., E. Thoma, et al. (2008). "Impacts of noise barriers on near-road air quality " Atmospheric Environment42: 7502-7507.          

Baldauf, R. W., C. Bailey, et al. (2009). Can Roadway Design be Used to Mitigate Air Quality Impacts from Traffic ? EM, Air & Waste Management Association.          

Baldauf, R. W., L. Jackson, et al. (2011). The Role of Vegetation in Mitigating Air Quality Impactsfrom Traffic Emissions. A summary of an April 2010 EPA-sponsored workshop. EM, Air & Waste Management Association,. January: 31-11.          

Borst, H. C., H. M. E. Miedema, et al. (2008). "Relationships between street characteristics and perceived attractiveness for walking reported by elderly people " Journal of Environmental Psychology 28: 353-361.          

Brack, C. L. (2002). "Pollution mitigation and carbon sequestration of an urban forest." Environmental Pollution116: 195-200.         

Buccolieri, R., C. Gromke, et al. (2009). "Aerodynamic Effects of Trees on Pollutant Concentration in Street Canyons." Science Total  Environment407: 5247–5256.          

Cabinet Office Strategy Unit (2009). Quality of place: improving the planning and design of the built environment. An analysis of issues and opportunities, Cabinet Office, London.          

Cackowski, J. M. and J. L. Nasar (2003). "The restorative effects of roadside vegetation: Implications for automotive driver anger and frustration." Environment and Behavior35(6): 736-751.          

Cardelino, C. A. and W. L. Chameides (1990). "Natural hydrocarbons, urbanization, and urban ozone." Journal of Geophysical Research 95: 13971-13979.          

Chameides, W. L., R. W. Lindsay, et al. (1988). "The role of biogenic hydrocarbons in urban photochemical smog : Atlanta as a case study." Science 241: 1473-1475.          

Charlton, S. G., H. W. Mackie, et al. (2010). "Using endemic road features to create self-explaining roads and reduce vehicle speeds." Accident Analysis and Prevention42: 1989-1998.          

Chenoweth, R. E. and P. H. Gobster (1990). "The nature and ecology of aesthetic experiences in the landscape." Landscape Journal9(1): 1-8.          

City of Melbourne (1987). Grids and Greenery: The Character of Inner Melbourne, Technical Services Department, City of Melbourne.          

City of Melbourne (2004). Places for People, City of Melbourne.          

Cockerell, S. (2008). Avenues of honour: Location, assesment and management of war memorial tree avenues in Australia. TREENET Proceedings of the 9th National Street Tree Symposium 4th and 5th September 2008, Adelaide.          

Coutts, A. M., J. Beringer, et al. (2007). "Impact of increasing urban density on local climate: Spatial and temporal variations in the surface energy balance in Melbourne, Australia." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology46(4): 477-493.          

CTRE (2008). Clear Zone: A synthesis of practice and an evaluation of the benefits of meeting the 10 foot Clear Zone goal on urban streets. Ames, IA, Cetre For Transport Education and Research, Iowa State University: 140pp.          

Daniel, J., C. Chien, et al. (2005). Effectiveness of certain design solutions on reducing vehicle speeds. FHWA-NJ-2005-007, New Jersey Department of Transportation  Bureau of Research  and  U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration.          

DPTI (2011). Road Crashes in Metropolitan South Australia. Metropolitan road crash fact sheet 2006-2010. Adelaide. S.A., Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure.          

Dumbaugh, E. (2005). "Safe streets, liveable streets." Journal of the American Planning Association.71(3): 283-300.

Dumbaugh, E. (2006). "Design of safe urban roadsides: An empirical analysis." Transportation Research Record 1961: 62-74.          

Dwyer, J. F., D. J. Nowak, et al. (2003). "Sustaining urban forests." Journal of Arboriculture29(1): 49-55.          

Dwyer, J. F., H. W. Schroeder, et al. (1991). "The significance of urban forests: Towards a deeper understanding of values." Journal of Arboriculture17: 276-284.          

Dwyer, J. F., H. W. Schroeder, et al. (1994). The Deep Significance of Urban Trees and Forests. The Ecological City:Preserving and restoring urban biodiversity. R. H. Platt, R. A. Rowntree and P. C. Muick. Amherst, The University of Massachusetts Press.          

Ely, M. E. (2009a). Planning for trees in urban environments TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium 3rd and 4th September 2009, Adelaide.          

Ely, M. E. (2010). Integrating trees into the design of the city. School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Urban Design. Adelaide, University of Adelaide. PhD: 464pp.          

EPA (2012). "Urban Heat Island Effects." Retrieved 12/09/20102, from http://www.epa.gov/heatisland/impacts/index.htm.          

EPA (nd). Melbourne Mortality Study. Effects of ambient air pollution on daily mortality in Melbourne 1991-1996. Melbourne, Environmental Protection Agency.          

Escobedo, F. and D. Nowak (2009). "Spatial heterogeneity and air pollution removal by an urban forest." Landscape and Urban Planning90(3-4): 102-110.          

Escobedo, F., J. Wagner, et al. (2008). "Analyzing the cost effectiveness of Santiago, Chile's policy of using urban forests to improve air quality." Journal of Environmental Management86(1): 148-157.          

Fang, C. and D. Ling (2003). "Investigations of the noise reduction provided by green belts." Landscape and Urban Planning63(4): 187-195.          

Finn, D., K. L. Clawson, et al. (2010). "Tracer studies to characterize the effects of roadside noise barriers on near-road pollutant dispersion under varying atmospheric stability conditions " Atmospheric Environment44: 204-214.          

Forest Research (2010). Benefits of green infrastructure, Report by Forest Research, Farnham: 39pp.          

Fujii, E., J. Lawton, et al. (2008). Removal Rates of Particulate Matter onto Vegetation as a Function of Particle Size. Final Report to Breathe California of Sacramento-Emigrant Trails’ Health Effects Task Force (HETF) and Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District          

Gehl, J. (2002). Public spaces and public life : City of Adelaide, 2002  Adelaide, S.A., Planning SA.          

Gehl, J. (2008). Sydney CBD Public Life and Public Spaces City of Sydney.          

Gehl, J. and L. Gemzoe (2003). New city spaces. Copenhagen, Danish Architectural Press.          

Getz, D. A., A. Karow, et al. (1982). "Inner City Preferences for Trees and Urban Forestry Programs." Journal of Arboriculture8(10): 258-263.          

Gromke, C. and B. Ruck (2007). "Influence of Trees on the Dispersion of Pollutants in an Urban Street Canyon—Experimental Investigation of the Flow and Concentration Field." Atmospheric Environment41: 3287–3302.          

Harris, R. A. and L. F. Cohn (1985). "Use of vegetation for abatement of highway traffic noise." Journal of Urban Planning and Development.111: 34-38.          

Hayaashi, M., A. Tamura, et al. (1980). "Effects of Planting on Relief of Annoyance – Field Survey at Urban Roadside." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America67(1).          

Health Effects Institute (2009). Traffic-Related Air Pollution: A Critical Review of the Literature on Emissions, Exposure, and Health Effects; Preprint Special Report 17; Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA, 2009.3. Preprint Special Report 17. Boston, MA., Health Effects Institute.          

Heimlich, J., T. D. Syndor, et al. (2008). "Attitudes of residents toward street trees on four streets in Toledo, Ohio, U.S. before removal of Ash trees from Emerald Ash borer." Journal of Arboriculture and Urban Forestry34(1): 47-53.          

Heisler, G. M. (1974). "Trees and human comfort in urban areas." Journal of Forestry(August): 466-469.          

Heist, D. K., S. G. Perry, et al. (2009). " A Wind Tunnel Study of the Effect of Roadway Configurations on the Dispersion of Traffic-Related Pollution." Atmospheric Environment43: 5101-5111.          

Hull, R. B. (1992). "How the public values urban forests." Journal of Arboriculture18(2): 98-101.          

i-Tree (2010). i-Tree Ecosystem Analysis. Washington. Urban Forest Effects and Values. January 2010.          

Ishii, M. (1994). Measurement of Road Traffic Noise Reduced by the Employment of Low Physical Barriers and Potted Vegetation. Proceedings of Inter-noise 94, Yokohama, Japan.          

Jacobs, A. B. (1993). Great Streets. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.          

Jacobs, A. B., E. MacDonald, et al. (2002). The Boulevard Book: History, Evolution, Design of Multiway Boulevards. Cambridge,Massachusetts, The MIT Press.          

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Middlesex, Penguin Books.

Jacobsen, P. L. (2003). "Safety in numbers: more walkers and bicyclists, safer walking and bicycling." Injury Prevention9: 205-209.          

Jalaludin, B. B., G. Morgan, et al. (2006). "Associations between ambient air pollution and daily emergency department attendances for cardiovascular disease in the elderly (65+ years), Sydney, Australia." Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology16(3): 225-237.          

Jalaludin, B. B., B. I. O'Toole, et al. (2004). "Acute effects of urban ambient air pollution on respiratory symptoms, asthma medication use, and doctor visits for asthma in a cohort of Australian children." Environmental Research95(1): 32-42.          

Kalmbach, K. L. and J. J. Kielbaso (1979). "Resident attitudes toward selected characteristics of street tree planting." Journal of Arboriculture5(6): 124-129.          

Kaplan, S. (1995). "The restorative benefits of nature:Towards an integrative framework." Journal of Environmental Psychology15: 169-182.          

Khattab, O. (1993). "Environmental quality assessment: an attempt to evaluate government housing projects." Forum4: 36–41.          

Konijnendijk, C. C. (2008). The Forest and the City: The cultural landscape of urban woodland, Springer Science + Business Media.          

Land Use Consultants (2004). Making the links: greenspace and quality of life, Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 060 (ROAME No. F03AB01).          

Lee, C. and A. V. Moulden (2006). "Correlates of walking for transportation or recreation purposes." Journal of Physical Activity3(1): 77-98.          

Lee, J. and F. Mannering (1999). Analysis of Roadside Accident Frequency and Severity and Roadside Safety Management., Washington State Transportation Centre.          

Litman, T. (1999). Traffic calming benefits, cost and equity impacts., Victoria Transport Policy Institute.          

Lovasi, G. S., J. W. Quinn, et al. (2008). "Children living in areas with more street trees have lower prevalence of asthma." Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health62(7): 647-649.          

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. Massachusetts, MIT Pres.          

Macdonald, E. (2008). "The intersection of trees and safety." Landscape Architecture5(May): 54-63.          

Macdonald, E., R. Sanders, et al. (2006). Street trees and intersection safety. Working Paper 2006-11, Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California at Berkley.          

Macdonald, E. S., R. and P. Supawanich (2008). The effects of transportation corridors' roadside design features on user behaviour and safety, and their contribution to health, environmental quality, and community economic vitality : A literature review, University of California Transportation Center: 185 pp.          

Maller, C. J., M. Townsend, et al. (2002). Healthy Parks Healthy People: The Health Benefits of Contact with Nature in a Park Context - A Review of Current Literature. Melbourne, VIC, Deakin University Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences.          

Marritz, L. (2012). "Trees By The Numbers: Does Data Matter." DeepRoot Blog. Retrieved 17 June  2013, from http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/trees-by-the-numbers-what-data-matters-most.          

Martens, M. J. M. (1981). "Noise abatement in plant monocultures and plant communities." Applied Acoustics14: 167-189.          

McLean, D. D., R. R. Jensen, et al. (2007). "Seeing the forest through the trees: building depth through qualitative research." Arboriculture and Urban Forestry33(5): 304-308.          

McPherson, E. G. (2010). "Energy, Climate Change, Air Quality, and Urban Greening." Decision Maker's Seminar. June 21, 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2011, from http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/programs/uesd/uep/products/powerpoint/PSW_CUFR792_CalReleaf_DecMakersWkshp_100621.pdf.          

Mok, J. and H. C. Landphair (2003). Parkways and freeways: safety performance linked to corridor landscape type. Transportation Research Board 82nd Annual Meeting.          

Mok, J. H., H. C. Landphair, et al. (2006). "Landscape improvement impacts on roadside safety in Texas." Landscape and Urban Planning78(3): 263-274.          

Moore, C. W., W. J. Mitchell, et al. (1988). The Poetics of Gardens Cambridge, MIT Press.          

Moore, G. M. (2000). Treenet:A Management System and Choices for Australia. TREENET Proceedings of the Inaugral Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2000, Adelaide, TREENET Inc.          

Morgan, G., S. Corbett, et al. (1998a). "Air Pollution and Daily Mortality in Sydney, Australia, 1989 through 1993." American Journal of Public Health: 759-764.          

Morgan, G., S. Corbett, et al. (1998b). "Air Pollution and Hospital Admissions in Sydney, Australia, 1990 through 1994." American Journal of Public Health88: 761-1766.          

Mulligan, B. E., L. S. Goodman, et al. (1982). Interactive effects of outdoor noise and visible aspects of vegetation on behavior. Southeastern Recreation Research Conference 1980 -- 1981 265-279.          

Murray, F. J., L. Marsh, et al. (1994). New York State Energy Plan, vol. II: issue reports. Albany, NY, New York State Energy Office.          

Naderi, J. R. (2003). Landscape design in the clear zone : Effect of landscape variables on pedestrian health and driver safety. Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transporation Research Board, No 1851. Washington D.C., TRB National Research Council: 119-130.          

Naderi, J. R., B. S. Kweon, et al. (2008). "The street tree effect and driver safety." ITE Journal (February): 69-73.          

Neale, H. J. (1949). "Highway landscaping influences traffic operations and safety." Traffic Quarterly 3: 14-22.          

Neuman, T. R., R. Pfefer, et al. (2003). Guidance for the implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan: Volume 3: A guide for addressing collisions with trees and hazardous locations. NCHRP Report 500.          

Novaco, R. W., D. Stokols, et al. (1990). "Objective and subjective dimensions of travel impedance as determinants of commuting stress." American Journal of Community Psychology18: 231-257.          

Nowak, D. J. (1994). Air pollution removal by Chicago's urban forest. General Technical Report NE-186. Radnor, PA, USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station.          

Nowak, D. J. (1995). Trees pollute? A "TREE" explains it all. Proceedings of the 7th National Urban Forestry Conference. Washington, DC: American Forests. : 28-30.          

Nowak, D. J. (2000). The interactions between urban forests and global climate change. Global Climate Change and the Urban Forest. K. K. Abdollahi, Z. H. Ning and A. Appeaning. Baton Rouge GCRCC and Franklin Press: 31-44.          

Nowak, D. J., K. L. Civerolo, et al. (2000). "A modeling study of the impact of urban trees on ozone." Atmospheric Environment 34: 1610-1613.          

Nowak, D. J., D. E. Crane, et al. (2006). "Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States." Urban Forestry and Urban Greening(4): 115-123.          

Nowak, D. J. and J. F. Dwyer (2007). Understanding the benefits and costs of urban forest ecosystems. Urban and Community Forestry in the Northeast. J. Kruser. Newtown Square, PA., U.S.D.A. Forest Service, North Eastern Research Station,: 25-46.          

Nowak, D. J., R. Hoehn, et al. (2007). "Oxygen production by trees in the United States." Journal of Arboriculture and Urban Forestry33(3): 220-226.          

Nowak, D. J., J. C. Stevens, et al. (2002). "Effects of urban tree management and species selection on atmospheric carbon dioxide." Journal of Arboriculture28: 113-120.          

O'Brien, D. (1993). Street trees for cities and towns. Sydney, Imago Press.          

Parsons, R. L., G. Tassinary, et al. (1998). "The view from the road : Implications for stress recovery and immunization." Journal of Environmental Psychology18: 113-140.          

Peach, H. G. (1997). Air Quality and Human Health. Australia: State of the Environment Technical Paper Series (The Atmosphere). Environment Australia. Department of the Environment. Canberra.          

Plant, L. (2006). Brisbane: Beautiful one day, perfect the next-Is there room for improvement? TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide,S.A.          

Potts, I. B., D. W. Harwood, et al. (2007). "Relationship of Lane Width to Safety on Urban and Suburban Arterials." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board2023: 63-82.          

Pugh, T. A. M., A. R. MacKenzie, et al. (2012). "Effectiveness of Green Infrastructure for Improvement of Air Quality in Urban Street Canyons." Environmental Science & Technology46(14): 7692–7699.          

Richter, E. D., B. Tamar, et al. (2006). "Speed, road injury, and public health." Annual Review of Public Health27: 125-152.          

Rutley, K. S. and D. G. Mace (1972). "Heart rate as a measure in road layout design." Ergonomics15(2): 165-173.          

Saelens, B. E. and S. L. Handy (2008). "Built environment correlates of walking: A review." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercize40(7): 550-566.          

Schama, S. (1995). Landscape and Memory. New York, Random House.          

Schroeder, H. W. (1988). Psychological and cultural effects less effort being given to tree planting, care, and of forests on people. Proceedings of the protection than the public desires. 1988 Society of American Foresters National Convention. October 16-19, 1988. Rochester, NY.: 10-14.          

Schroeder, H. W. and W. N. Cannon (1983). "The esthetic contribution of trees to residential streets in Ohio towns." Journal of Arboriculture9: 237-243.          

Schroeder, H. W., J. F. Dwyer, et al. (2009). "Big trees in the urban forest." Arborist News18(2): 60-62.          

Scott, K. I., E. G. McPherson, et al. (1998). "Air pollutant uptake by Sacramento's urban forest." Journal of Arboriculture 24(4): 223-230.          

Simpson, R., G. Williams, et al. (1997). "Associations between outdoor air pollution and daily mortality in Brisbane, Australia." Architecture Environment and Health52(6): 442-454.          

Smith, W. H. (1990). Smith, W.H., 1990. Air Pollution and Forests. . New York., Springer.          

Sommer, R., P. A. Barker, et al. (1989). "Household evaluation of two street tree species." Journal of Arboriculture15: 99-103.          

Southworth, M. (2005). "Designing the walkable city." Journal of Urban Planning and Development131(4): 246-257.          

St. Martin, A. J. C., J. C. Milton, et al. (2007). The safety effects of urban principal arterial streetscape redevelopment projects including street trees : A context sensitive case study, Paper 07-2829. Proceedings of the 86th annaul meeting of the Transporation Reaerach Board (January 21-25, 2007). Washington D.C., Transporation Research Board of the National Academies of Science.          

Sullivan, E. C. and J. C. Daly (2005). "Invesigation of median trees and collisions on urban and suburban conventional highways in California." Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transporation Research Board (1908): 114-120.          

Swanwick, C. (2009). " Society’s attitudes to and preferences for land and landscape." Land Use Policy 26: 62-75.          

Taha, H. (1996). "Modeling impacts of increased urban vegetation on ozone air quality in the South Coast Air Basin." Atmospheric Environment 30 (20): 3423-3430.          

Theeuwes, J. and H. Godthelp (1995). "Self-explaining roads." Safety Science 19: 217-225.          

Tibbatts, D. (2002). "Your Parks: The benefits of parks and greenspace." Retrieved 20 June 2013, from http://www.green-space.org.uk/downloads/ArchivedPublications/YourParks.pdf.          

Topp, H. (1990). "Traffic safety, usability and streetscape effects of new design principles for major urban roads." Transportation 16: 297-310.          

Treeconomics (2011). Torbay’s Urban Forest. Assessing Urban Forest Effects and Values. A report on the findings from the UK i-Tree Eco pilot project.          

Ulrich, R. S. (1981). "Natural versus urban themes: Some psychophysiological effects." Environment and Behaviour (13): 523-556.          

Ulrich, R. S., R. F. Simons, et al. (1991). "Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments." Journal of Environmental Psychology 11: 201-230.          

Urban Land Institute (2013). 10 Principles for Liveable High-Density Cities: Lessons form Singapore. Singapore, Centre for Liveable Cities and Urban Land Institute.          

Van der Horst, R. and S. Ridder (2007). "The influence of roadside infrastructure on driving behavior: A driving simulator study." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board2018: 36-44.          

Van Renterghema, T., M. Hornikx, et al. (2013). "The potential of building envelope greening to achieve quietness." Building and Environment 61 (March): 34-44.

Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission (2008). A State of Liveability: An Inquiry into Enhancing Victoria’s Liveability, Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission.          

Zacharias, J. (2001). "Pedestrian behaviour and perception in urban walking environments." Journal of Planning Literature 16 (1): 3-18.          

Zeigler, A. J. (1986). Guide to management of roadside trees, U.S. Department of Transporation.          

Zhu, Y. F., W. C. Hinds, et al. (2002). "Study of Ultrafine Particles Near a Major Highway with Heavy-Duty Diesel Traffic." Atmospheric Environment 36: 4323-4335.         

5. Economic Benefits

American Rivers (2012). Banking on Green: A Look at How Green Infrastructure Can Save Municipalities Green Roofs for Healthy Cities: Working Draft 20 Money and Provide Economic Benefits Community-Wide. A Joint Report by American Rivers, the Water Environment Federation, the American Society of Landscape Architects and ECONorthwest April 2012.          

Anderson, L. M. and H. K. Cordell (1988). "Residential property values improve by landscaping with trees." Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 9: 162-166.          

Anderson, S. and S. West (2006). "Open Space, Residential Property Values, and Spatial Context." Regional Science and Urban Economics, 36 (6): 773–789.          

BDA Group (2006). Scoping Study on a Nutrient Trading Program to Improve Water Quality in Moreton Bay, Queensland EPA.          

BiscoWerner, J. E. (1996). Trees Mean Business: A study of the economic impacts of trees and forests in the commercial districts of New York City and New Jersey, Trees New York & Trees New Jersey.          

Blackwell, D. (2005). The Economic Value of Australia's Natural Coastal Assets: Some preliminary findings, Co-operative Research Centre for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterways Management.          

Bolitzer, B. and N. Netusil (2000). "The Impact of Open Spaces on Property Values in Portland, Oregon." Journal of Environmental Management 59 (3): 185–193.          

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Crompton, J. (2004). The Proximate Principle: The Impact of Parks, Open Space and Water Features on Residential Property Values and the Property Tax Base. Ashburn, VA, National Recreation and Park Association.          

Crompton, J. L. (2001). Parks and Economic Development, PAS Report No. 502. Chicago: APA.          

Crompton, J. T. (2000). The impact of parks and open space on property value and the property tax base, National Recreation and Park Association USA.          

CSIRO (2008). Maroochy River Value Project, Sunshine Coast Regional Council, Nambour.          

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Davey Resource Group (2008). City of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Municipal Forest Resource Analysis. Pittsburgh, PA., Friends of the Pittsburgh Urban Forest.          

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Donovan, G. H. and D. Butry (2010). "Trees in the city: Valuing street trees in Portland, Oregon." Landscape and Urban Planning 94: 77-83.          

Doshi, H. and S. Peck (2013). "Estimating Green Roof Benefits: A gude to attributing economic values to public green roof policy and investment." Living Architecture Monitor 15 (2).          

Dwyer, J. F., D. J. Nowak, et al. (2003). "Sustaining urban forests." Journal of Arboriculture 29 (1): 49-55.          

EcoNorthwest (2008). Cost benefit evaluation of ecoroofs, City of Portland, Portland, Oregon.          

Ecosystems Valuation (2012). "Hedonic Pricing Method." Retrieved 25 September 2012, from http://www.ecosystemvaluation.org/hedonic_pricing.htm#app.          

ECOTEC (2008). The economic benefits of green infrastructure: the public and business case for investing in green infrastructure and a review of the underpinning evidence, Report for Natural Economy Northwest (NENW).          

ENSPEC (2012). i-Tree ECO Australia Users Manual, Arboriculture Australia.          

European Commission (2012). The Multifunctionality of Green Infrastructure. Science for Environment Policy. In-depth Reports, European Commission’s Directorate-General Environment.          

Fam, D., E. Mosley, et al. (2008). Irrigation of urban green spaces: A review of environmental, social and economic benefits. Technical Report No. 04/08. Darling Heights, Qld., Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures: 35pp.          

Farrelly, M. and C. Davis (2009). Demonstration Projects: Case Studies from Melbourne, Australia. (60L Building; Inkerman Oasis; Aurora Estate; and Lynbrook Estate), Monash University. National Urban Water Governance Program.           

Farrier Swier Consulting (2011). Socially Optimal Allocation of Water Resources. Melbourne VIC, Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory Council.          

Florida, R. (2000). Competing in the Age of Talent: Quality of Place and the New Economy, R.K. Mellon Foundation,Heinz Endowments, and Sustainable Pittsburgh.          

Forest Research (2010). Benefits of green infrastructure, Report by Forest Research, Farnham: 39pp.          

Forestry Commission (2005). Bold Colliery community woodland: district valuer’s report on property values, Forestry Commission, England.          

Garrison, N. and C. A. Lunghino (2012). Looking up: How green roofs and cool roofs can reduce energy use, address climate change, and protect water resources in Southern California, Natural Resources Defence Council, New York.          

Geiger, J. R., C. King, et al. (2004). The Large Tree Argument - The case for large-stature trees vs. small-stature trees. Research summary. Davis, CA, Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service.: 8.          

GEN Consulting (2006). Glasgow Green renewal benefits analysis, GEN Consulting. A report to Glasgow City Council. November 2006.          

Geoghegan, J. (2002). "The Value of Open Spaces in Residential Land Use." Land Use Policy19 (1): 91-98.          

Geoghegan, J., L. Lynch, et al. (2003). "Capitalization of Open Spaces into Housing Values and the Residential Property Tax Revenue Impacts of Agricultural Easement Programs." Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 32 (1): 33–45.          

Glaeser, E. L., J. Kolko, et al. (2001). "Consumer City " Journal of Economic Geography 1: 27-50.          

Green Cities Research Alliance (2012). Seattle’s Forest Ecosystem Values: Analysis of the Structure, Function, and Economic Benefits, Green Cities Research Alliance (GCRA).          

GSA (2011). The Benefits and Challenges of Green Roofs on Public and Commercial Buildings, A Report of the United States General Services Administration.          

Harnik, P. and B. Welle (2009). Measuring the Economic Value of a City Park System. Washington, D.C., The Trust for Public Land.          

Heimlich, J., T. D. Syndor, et al. (2008). "Attitudes of residents toward street trees on four streets in Toledo, Ohio, U.S. before removal of Ash trees from Emerald Ash borer." Journal of Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 34 (1): 47-53.          

Heisler, G. M. (1986). "Energy savings with trees." Journal of Arboriculture12 (5): 113-125.          

Hewett, P. (2002). The Value of Trees-The Big Picture. TREENET Proceedings of the 3rd National Tree Symposium:5th and 6th September 2002, Adelaide, TREENET Inc.          

i-Tree (2010). i-Tree Ecosystem Analysis. Washington. Urban Forest Effects and Values. January 2010.          

Kalmbach, K. L. and J. J. Kielbaso (1979). "Resident attitudes toward selected characteristics of street tree planting." Journal of Arboriculture 5 (6): 124-129.          

Killicoat, P., E. Puzio, et al. (2002). The Economic Value of Trees in Urban Areas: Estimating the Benefits of Adelaide's Street Trees. TREENET Proceedings of the 3rd National Tree Symposium:5th and 6th September 2002. Adelaide, TREENET Inc.          

Killy, P., C. Brack, et al. (2008). A carbon sequestration audit of vegetation biomass in the Australian Capital Territory. ACT Government Report.          

Kuo, F. E. (2003). "The role of arboriculture in a healthy social ecology." Journal of Arboriculture 29: 148-155.          

Laverne, R. J. and K. Winson-Geidman (2003). "The influence of trees and landscaping on rental rates at office buildings." Journal of Arboriculture 29 (5): 281-290.          

Lerner, S. and W. Poole (1999). The Economic Benefits of Parks and Open Space: How Land Conservation Helps Communities Grow and Protect the Bottom Line, The Trust for Public Land.          

Lindsey, G., J. Man, et al. (2004). "Property Values, Recreation Values, and Urban Greenways." Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 22 (3): 69–90.          

Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory Council (2011). Living Melbourne Living Victoria Road Map. Melbourne, Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment.          

Lloyd, S. D. (2001). Water Sensitive Urban Design in Australia: Conference Synthesis, Sustainable Drainage in Urban Areas. Technical Report 01/7 June, Cooperative Centre for Catchment Hydrology: 20pp.          

Lloyd, S. D. (2002). Quantifying environmental benefits, economic outcomes and community support for Water Sensitive Urban Design. CRC for Catchment Hydrology and Monash University.          

Lloyd, S. D. (2004). Exploring the Opportunities and Barriers to Sustainable Stormwater Management Practices in Residential Catchments. Melbourne Vic, Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology.          

Longino, C. F. (1995). Retirement Migration in America. Houston, Vacation Publications.          

Lutzenhiser, M. and N. Netusil (2001). "The Effect of Open Space on a Home’s Sale Price." Contemporary Economic Policy 19 (3): 291–298.          

MacDonald, L. (1996). "Global problems, local solutions: measuring the value of the urban forest." American Forests 103 (4).          

Maco, S. E. and E. G. McPherson (2003). "A practical aproach to assessing structure, function, and value of street tree populations of in small communities." Journal of Arboriculture 19 (2).          

Maller, C. J., M. Townsend, et al. (2002). Healthy Parks Healthy People: The Health Benefits of Contact with Nature in a Park Context - A Review of Current Literature. Melbourne, VIC, Deakin University Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences.          

Marsden Jacob Associates (2006). Business Case for Investment in Healthy Waterways in South East Queensland EPA and Coordinator General.          

Marsden Jacob Associates (2007a). The economic value of Ipswich public open space, Ipswich City Council, QLD.          

Marsden Jacob Associates (2008). Investment in the SEQ Outdoor Recreation Strategy: Benefits and Costs, SE Queensland Catchments.          

Marsden Jacobs Associates (2009b). "The recreational dive and snorkelling industry in the Great Barrier Reef: profile, economic contribution, risk and opportunities."          

McConnell, V. and M. Walls (2005). The Value of Open Space: Evidence from Studies of Nonmarket Benefits. Washington, Resources for the Future.          

McPerson, E. G., J. R. Simpson, et al. (2002). Actualizing microclimate and air quality benefits with parking lot shade ordinances,, Center for Urban Forest Research. USDA Forest Service. Pacific Southwest Research Station.          

McPherson, E. G. (2005). "Trees with benefits." American Nurseryman 201 (7).          

McPherson, G. E. (1992). "Accounting for benefits and costs of urban greenspace." Landscape and Urban Planning 22 (1): 41-51.          

McPherson, J. R., S. E. Simpson, et al. (2005). "Municipal Forest Benefits and Costs in Five US Cities " Journal of Forestry (December).          

Melbourne Water (2003). Lynbrook Estate: A Demonstration Project in Water Sensitive Urban Design: Essential Facts.          

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2003). Ecosystems and human well-being: a framework for assessment Washington, DC, Island Press.          

Miller, A. (2001). Valuing Open Space: Land Economics and Neighborhood Parks. Cambridge, MA Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Real Estate.          

Miller, W. (1994). Retirement In-Migration Study Mississippi State, MISS, Southern Rural Development Center.          

Moore, G. M. (2000a). Amenity Trees: Setting the Standards of Value Proceedings of the 3rd National Conference, International Society of Arboriculture Australia, Brisbane.          

Moore, G. M. (2012). "The importance and value of urban forests as climate changes " Victorian Naturalist 129 (5): 167-174.          

Naumann, S., D. McKenna, et al. (2011a). Design, implementation and cost elements of Green Infrastructure projects. Final report Brussels, European Commission.          

NGIA (2011). Estimating the benefits of Australian Street Trees using i-Tree Stratum - A Pilot Study. Nursery Papers 8, Nursery and Garden Industry Australia.          

Nicholls, S. (2004). "Measuring the Impact of Parks on Property Values: New Research Shows That Green Spaces Increase the Value of Nearby Housing." Parks and RecreationMarch 24–32.          

Nicholls, S. and J. Crompton (2005). "The Impact of Greenways on Property Values: Evidence From Austin, Texas." Journal of Leisure Research 37 (3): 321–341.          

Nowak, D. J. (1994). Air pollution removal by Chicago's urban forest. General Technical Report NE-186. Radnor, PA, USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station.          

Nowak, D. J. (2004). Assessing environmental functions and values of veteran trees. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Protection and Exploiatation of Veteran Trees, Torino, Italy.          

Nowak, D. J. and D. E. Crane (2002). "Carbon sequestration and storage by trees in the USA." Environmental Pollution 116: 381-389.          

Nowak, D. J., D. E. Crane, et al. (2002). "Compensatory value of urban trees in the United States. ." Journal of Arboriculture. 28 (4): 194 - 199.          

Nowak, D. J., D. E. Crane, et al. (2006). "Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States." Urban Forestry & Urban Greening4 (3-4): 115-123.          

Payne, B. R. (1973). "The twenty-nine tree home improvement plan." Natural History 82 (9): 74-75.          

Payton, S., G. Lindsey, et al. (2008). "Valuing the Benefits of the Urban Forest: A Spatial Hedonic Approach and Management." Journal of Environmental Planning 51 (6): 717–736.          

Pearce, D. W. and J. Warford (2003). World without end : economics, environment, and sustainable development. New York, N.Y., Oxford University Press for the World Bank.          

Peck, S. (2012). The Rise of Living Architecture, , Green Roofs for Healthy Cities, Toronto, Ontario.          

Phillips, P. L. (nd.). Real Estate Impacts of Urban Parks. ERA Issue Paper. Los Angele, Economics Research Associates.

Plant, L. (2006). Brisbane: Beautiful one day, perfect the next-Is there room for improvement? TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide,S.A.          

Read Sturgess and Associates (2001). Economic benefits of nutrient load reduction in the Port Phillip catchment-Scoping study. Melbourne, Department of Natural Resources and Environment the Port Phillip Catchment and Land Protection Board and the Environmental Protection Authority.          

Real Estate Industry Australia (2007). Summary of Property Tax Revenue 2005/06 ABS Cat.No. 5506.0.          

Rogers, K., A. Jaluzot, et al. (2013). Green Benefits in Victoria Business Improvement District. London, The Victoria Business Improvement District, The London Climate Change Partnership, The Greater London Authority.          

Sander, H., S. Polasky, et al. (2010). "The value of urban tree cover: A hedonic property price model in Ramsey and Dakota Counties, Minnesota, USA." Ecological Economics 69: 1646–1656.          

Schroeder, H. W. and W. N. Cannon (1983). "The esthetic contribution of trees to residential streets in Ohio towns." Journal of Arboriculture 9: 237-243.          

Schroeder, H. W., J. F. Dwyer, et al. (2009). "Big trees in the urban forest." Arborist News 18 (2): 60-62.          

Schroeder, H. W. and S. R. Ruffolo (1996). "Householder evaluations of street trees in a Chicago suburb." Journal of Arboriculture 22: 35-42.          

Shoup, L. and R. Ewing (2010). The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design. A Research Synthesis. Princeton, NJ, Active Living Research, a National Program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.          

Sommer, R., P. A. Barker, et al. (1989). "Household evaluation of two street tree species." Journal of Arboriculture15: 99-103.          

Song, Y. C. and G. Knaap (2004). "Measuring the Effects of Mixed Land Uses on Housing Values." Regional Science and Urban Economics 34 (6): 663– 680.          

Stringer, R. (2007). The benefits of Adelaide's street trees revisited. TREENET Proceedings of the 8th National Street Tree Symposium:6th and 7th September 2007. Adelaide, SA.          

Tajima, K. (2003). "New estimates of the demand for urban green space: implications for valuing the environmental benefits of Boston’s Big Dig project." Journal of Urban Affairs 25 (5): 641-655.          

Tapsuwan, S., G. Ingram, et al. (2007). Valuing urban wetlands for the Gnangara Mound: A hedonic property price approach in Western Australia. Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship Technical Report. Canberra, ACT, CSIRO.          

Taylor, A. C. (2002). Economic information associated with waterways management. Unpublished report prepared for Brisbane City Council by Ecological Engineering Pty. Ltd.          

Taylor, A. C. (2005). Stormwater BMP Cost-Size Relationships,, CRC for Catchment Hydrology, Monash University.          

Taylor, A. C. (2005b). Guidelines for Evaluating the Financial, Social and Ecological Aspects of Urban Stormwater Management Measures to Improve Waterway Health, Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology.          

Taylor, A. C. and T. D. Fletcher (2006). "Triple-bottom-line assessment of water sensitive urban design options in a Greenfield residential area." Australian Journal of Water Resources 10 (3): 223-232.          

Ten Brink, P., T. Badura, et al. (2011). Estimating the Overall Economic Value of the Benefits provided by the Natura 2000 Network Final Synthesis Report to the European Commission. London, Institute for European Environmental Policy.          

The Trust for Public Land (2010). A Study of the Return on the Investment from the Land And Water Conservation Fund. Boston, Massachusetts.          

The Trust for Public Land (2011). The Economic Benefits of the Park and Recreation System of Virginia Beach, Virginia. A Report by The Trust for Public Land’s Center for City Park Excellence. Washington, D.C., The Trust for Public Land.          

Tomalty, R. and B. Komorowski (2010). The monetary value of the soft benefits of green roofs, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa.          

Toronto City (2013). "Toronto Green Roof Standards ". Retrieved 10 June 2013, from http://www.toronto.ca/greenroofs.          

USDA Forest Service (2005). Trees in the City: Measuring and Valuing the Urban Forest. Forest Science Review, USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 6.          

Vandermeulen, V., A. Verspecht, et al. (2011). "The use of economic valuation to create public support for green infrastructure investments in urban areas." Landscape and Urban Planning 103: 198-206.          

Wachter, S. M. and K. C. Gillen (2006). Public investment strategies: How they matter in neighbourhoods in Philadelphia. Working Paper, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.          

Walsh, C., T. Fletcher, et al. (2009). "Retention Capacity: A metric to link stream ecology and storm-water management." Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 14 (4): 399-406.          

Walsh, R. (2007). "Endogenous Open Space Amenities in a Locational Equilibrium." Journal of Urban Economics 61 (2): 319–344.          

Washington State Department of Ecology (2003). Surface water quality standards for the State of Washington: Cost benefit analysis. WAC 170-201A. Washington, Washington State Department of Ecology.          

Water by Design (2010). A Business Case for Best Practice Urban Stormwater Management. Brisbane, South East Queensland Healthy Waterways Partnership.          

Whitehead, T., D. Simmonds, et al. (2005). "The effects of urban quality improvements on economic activity." Journal of Environmental Management 80.          

Windle, J. and J. Rolfe (2006). Non-market values for improved NRM outcomes in Queensland.Research Report 2 in the non-market valuation componenet of the AGSIP Project # 13.          

Wolf, K. l. (2003). "Freeway roadside management: The urban forest beyond the white line." Journal of Arboriculture 29 (3): 127-136.          

Wolf, K. l. (2004). "Trees and business district preference: A case study of Athens, Georgia, US." Journal of Arboriculture 30 (6): 336-346.          

Wolf, K. L. (2004a). "Nature in the retail environment: Comparing consumer and business response to urban forest conditions." Landscape Journal 23 (1): 40-51.          

Wolf, K. L. (2005). "Business district streetscapes, trees and consumer response." Journal of Forestry 103 (8): 396-400.          

Wong, T. H. F. (2001). A Changing Paradigm in Australian Urban Stormwater Management. . Keynote Address: 2nd South Pacific Stormwater Conference, Auckland, New Zealand, 2001: 1-18.          

Wong, T. H. F. (2006a). "Water Sensitive Urban Design: the journey thus far." Australian Journal of Water Resources 10 (3): 213-222.         

6. Climatic Modification

Abdollahi, K. K., Z. H. Ning, et al., Eds. (2000). Global climate change and the urban forest. . Baton Rouge, LA., GCRCC and Franklin Press.          

AECOM (2009). Climate Change Scenario Identification:City of Burnside, City of Marion and City of Onkaparinga, AECOM Australia Pty Ltd.          

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Akbari, H., M. Pomerantz, et al. (2001). "Cool surfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improve air qaulity in urban areas." Solar Energy 70 (3): 295-310.          

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Bowler, D. E., A. L. Buyung, et al. (2010). "Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence." Landscape and Urban Planning 97: 147–155.          

Brisbane City (2013a). State of Australian Cities 2013 - Brisbane Urban Forest Contribution, Brisbane City Council.          

Caborn, J. M. (1965). Shelterbelts and windbreaks. London, Faber and Faber.          

CCAR (2008a). Urban Forest Project Reporting Protocol, California Climate Action Registry.          

CCAR (2008b). Urban Forest Project Verification Protocol, California Climate Action Registry.          

Chen, D. (2013). "Urban Vegetation and Heat Related Mortality." Nursery Papers April (3).          

Chen, D. and X. M. Wang (2012). Climate Conditions and Mortality Rate in Three Major Australian Cities, Report to HAL.          

City Futures Research Centre (2010). Micro-Urban-Climatic Thermal Emissions in a Medium-Density Residential Precinct, City Futures Research Centre, FBE/UNSW, Hassell.          

City of Melbourne (2011). Urban Forest Strategy: Making a great city greener 2102-2032. Melbourne, Vic.: 53pp.          

ClimateWorks (2010). Low Carbon Growth Plan for Australia     Clayton, VIC, ClimateWorks Australia. Monash University.          

Connellan, G. (2008). Water management strategies for trees in an uncertain environment. TREENET Proceedings of the 9th National Street Tree Symposium 4th and 5th September 2008, Adelaide.          

Coutts, A., J. Beringer, et al. (2008). "Investigating the climatic impact of urban planning strategies through the use of regional climate modelling: a case study for Melbourne." International Journal of Climatology 28: 1943–1957.          

Coutts, A., J. Beringer, et al. (2010). "Changing Urban Climate and CO2 Emissions: Implications for the Development of Policies for Sustainable Cities " Urban Policy and Research 28 (1): 27-47.          

Coutts, A. M., J. Beringer, et al. (2007). "Impact of increasing urban density on local climate: Spatial and temporal variations in the surface energy balance in Melbourne, Australia." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 46 (4): 477-493.          

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Ewenz, C. (2012). Trees are cool. Urban Heat Island mapping in Adelaide. The 13th National Street Tree Symposium: National Wine Centre and the Waite Arboretum. 6th - 7th September 2012. TREENET.          

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Georgi, N. J. and K. Zafiiridiadis (2006). "The impact of park trees on microclimate in urban areas." Urban Ecosystems 9 (3): 195.          

GHD (2011). City of Melbourne:Report for Urban Heat Island Effect, Mitigation Strategies and Planning Policy Approaches. Melbourne, Vic.          

GHD (2011a). City of Melbourne: Report for Urban Heat Island Effect, Literature Review. Melbourne, Vic.          

Gill, S., A. Handley, et al. (2007). "Adapting cities for climate change: the role of green infrastructure." Built Environment 33 (1): 115-133.          

Grant, R. H., G. M. Heisler, et al. (2002). "Estimation of Pedestrian Level UV Exposure Under Trees." Photochemistry and Photobiology 75 (4): 369-376.          

Green Cities Research Alliance (2012). Seattle’s Forest Ecosystem Values: Analysis of the Structure, Function, and Economic Benefits, Green Cities Research Alliance (GCRA).          

Haines, A., R. S. Kovats, et al. (2006). "Climate change and human health: impacts, vulnerability, and mitigation." Lancet 367 (9528): 2101-2109.          

Hardin, P. J. and R. R. Jensen (2007). "The effect of urban leaf area on summertime urban surface kinetic temperatures: A Terre Haute case study " Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 6 (2): 63-72.          

Heisler, G. M. (1974). "Trees and human comfort in urban areas." Journal of Forestry (August): 466-469.          

Heisler, G. M. (1986). "Energy savings with trees." Journal of Arboriculture 12 (5): 113-125.          

Heisler, G. M. (1989). Effects of trees on wind and solar radiation in residential neighborhoods. Final report on Site Design and Microclimate Research, Argonne National Laboratory, revised, 1989. U.S. Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station.: 164pp.          

Heisler, G. M. (1990). "Mean wind speed below building height in residential neighbourhoods with different tree densities." American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Transactions 96 (1): 1389-1395.          

Heisler, G. M. (1991). Computer simulation for optimizing windbreak placement to save energy for heating and cooling buildings. Proceedings Third International Windbreaks and Agroforestry Symposium, Ontario, Canada.          

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, et al. (1995). Urban forests-cooling our communities? Proceedings: 7th National Urban Forest Conference, Washington, DC.          

Housholder, M. (2012). "Urban Trees for Carbon Offsets." Deep Root Blog. Retrieved August 20 2012, from http://www.deeproot.com/blog/blog-entries/urban-trees-for-carbon-offsets.          

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Kopinga, J. (1998). Evaporation and water requirements of amenity trees with regard to the construction of a planting site. The Landscape Below Ground II: Proceedings of a Second International Workshop on Tree Root Development in Urban Soils, Champaign, IL., International Society of Arboriculture.          

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Laband, D. N. and J. P. Sophocleus (2009). "An experimental analysis of the impacts of tree shade on electricity consumption." Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 35 (4): 197-202.          

Livesley, S. (2010). Energy saving benefits of shade trees in relation to water use., TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium September 2010.          

Loughnan, M. E. (2009). Hot Spots Project: Spatial vulnerability to heat events in Melbourne Australia, Monash University. School of Geography and Environmental Science.          

Loughnan, M. E., N. Nicholls, et al. (2008). "Demographic, seasonal, and spatial differences in acute myocardial infarction admissions to hospital in Melbourne Australia." International Journal of Health Geographics 7 (42).          

Loughnan, M. E., N. Nicholls, et al. (2010). "When the heat is on: Threshold temperatures for AMI admissions to hospital in Melbourne Australia " Applied Geography 30: 63-69.          

Luber, G. (2008). "Climate Change and Extreme Heat Events." American Journal of Preventitive Medicine 35 (5): 429-435.          

McKeon, G. (2011). "Living in a variable climate." Retrieved 20 April 2011, from http://www.environment.gov.au/soe/2006/publications/integrative/climate/box-2.html.          

McPherson, B. and E. Sundquist (2009). "Carbon sequestration and its role in the global carbon cycle " American Geophysical Union 183.          

McPherson, E. G. (1994). Benefits and costs of tree planting and care in Chicago. Chicago's Urban Forest Ecosystem: Results of the Chicago Urban Forest Climate Project. General Tecnical Report NE-186. E. G. McPherson, D. J. Nowak and R. A. Rowntree, USDA Forest Service.          

McPherson, E. G. (1994). Cooling Urban Heat Islands with Sustainable Landscapes. The Ecological City:Preserving and restoring urban biodiversity. R. H. Platt, R. A. Rowntree and P. C. Muick. Amherst, The University of Massachusetts Press.          

McPherson, E. G. (2008). "Urban Forestry and Carbon." Arborist News 17 (6): 31-33.          

McPherson, E. G. (2010). "Energy, Climate Change, Air Quality, and Urban Greening." Decision Maker's Seminar. June 21, 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2011, from http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/programs/uesd/uep/products/powerpoint/PSW_CUFR792_CalReleaf_DecMakersWkshp_100621.pdf.          

McPherson, E. G., L. P. Herrington, et al. (1988). "Impacts of vegetation on residential heating and cooling." Energy and Buildings 12: 41-51.          

McPherson, E. G. and J. Muchnick (2005). " Effects of shade on asphalt concrete pavement performance." Journal of Arboriculture. 31 (6): 303-310.          

McPherson, E. G. and R. A. Rowntree (1993). "Energy conservation potential of urban tree planting." Journal of Arboriculture 19 (6): 321-331.          

McPherson, E. G., J. Simpson, et al. (2009). "Urban Forests and Climate Change." Retrieved 20 July 2011, from http://www.fed.us/ccrc/topics/urban-forests.          

McPherson, E. G. and J. R. Simpson (1999). Carbon dioxide reduction through urban forestry: guidelines for professional and volunteer tree planters. General Technical Report PSW-171. Albany, CA., U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research station 237.          

McPherson, E. G. and J. R. Simpson (2001). Effects of California's urban forests on energy use and potential savings from large-scale tree planting. Davis, CA, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Center for Urban Forest Research, 35.          

McPherson, E. G. and J. R. Simpson (2003). "Potential energy savings in buildings by an urban tree planting programme in California." Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 2: 73-86.          

McPherson, E. G., J. R. Simpson, et al. (2006). Midwest Community Tree Guide: Benefits, Costs and Strategic Planning. Davis,CA, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.        

Miller, D. (1980). "The two-dimensional energy budget of a forest edge with field measurements at a forest-parking lot interface." Agricultural Metereology 22: 53-78.          

Miller, R. W. (2007). Urban Forestry: Planning and Managing Urban Greenspaces. Long Grove,ILL., Waveland Press,Inc.          

Moore, G. M. (2006). Urban trees and the global greenhouse. TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium: 7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide.          

Morris, C. J. G. and I. Simmonds (2000). "Associations between varying magnitudes of the urban heat island and the synoptic climatology in Melbourne Australia." International Journal of Climatology 20: 1931–1954.          

Morris, C. J. G., I. Simmonds, et al. (2001). "Quantification of the Influences of Wind and Cloud on the Nocturnal Urban Heat Island of a Large City." Journal of Applied Meteorology 40,40: 169-182.          

NGIA (2012). Mitigating Extreme Summer Temperatures with Vegetation. Nursery Papers 5, Nursery and Garden Industry Australia.          

Nice, K. (2012). Urban Climate Model Selection for Modelling WSUD Features. Green Cities and Micro-Climate Report. Monash, Vic., Centre for Water Sensitive Cities.          

Nowak, D. J. and D. E. Crane (2000). The Urban Forest Effects (UFORE) Model: quantifying urban forest structure and functions. Integrated Tools for Natural Resources Inventories in the 21st Century. Proc. Of the IUFRO Conference. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-212. . M. Hansen and T. Burk. North Central Research Station, St. Paul, MN 714-720.          

Nowak, D. J. and D. E. Crane (2002). "Carbon sequestration and storage by trees in the USA." Environmental Pollution 116: 381-389.          

O'Brien, D. (1993). Street trees for cities and towns. Sydney, Imago Press.          

Oke, T. R. (1987). Boundary Layer Climates. London, UK., Methuen & Co.          

Parisi, A. V., M. G. Kimlin, et al. (2000). "Reduction in the personal annual solar erythemal ultraviolet exposure provided by Australian gum trees." Radiation Protection Dosimetry 93: 307-312.          

Parsons, P. G., R. Neale, et al. (1998). "Shady side of solar protection." Medical Journal of Australia 168 (7): 327-330.          

Plant, L. (2006). Brisbane: Beautiful one day, perfect the next-Is there room for improvement? TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide,S.A.          

Pokorny, J. (2001). "Dissipation of solar energy in landscape controlled by management of water and vegetation." Renewable Energy 24 (3-4): 641-645.          

Quattrochi, D. A. and M. K. Ridd (1994). "Measurement and analysis of thermal energy responses from discrete urban surfaces using remote sensing data." International Journal of Remote Sensing15: 1991-2022.          

Roberts, J., N. Jackson, et al. (2006). Tree Roots in the Built Environment. Norwich, The Stationary Office.          

Rosenfeld, A. H., H. Akbari, et al. (1998). "Cool communities: strategies for heat island mitigation and smog reduction." Energy and Buildings 28 (1): 51-62.          

Sawka, M., A. A. A. Millward, et al. (2013). "Growing summer energy conservation through residential tree planting " Landscape and Urban Planning 113 (May): 1-9.          

Scott, K. I., J. R. Simpson, et al. (1999). "Effects of tree cover on parking lot microclimate and vehicle emissions." Journal of Arboriculture 25: 129-142.          

Shaw, R., M. Colley, et al. (2007). Climate change adaptation by design: a guide for sustainable communities, London, Town and Country Planning Association.          

Simpson, J. R. and E. G. McPherson (1996). "Potential of tree shade for reducing residential energy use in California. ." Journal of Arboriculture 22 (1): 10-18.          

South West Climate Change Network (2012). "Future Climate Shift." Retrieved 20 December 2012, from http://www.southwestclimatechange.org/figures/temperature-shift.          

Suppiah, R., B. Preston, et al. (2006). Climate change under enhanced greenhouse gas conditions in South Australia, Climate Impacts and Risk Group, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research: 64pp.          

Sustainable Sites Initiative (2009). Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks 2009, American Society of Landscape Architects, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas at Austin, United States Botanic Garden.: 229 pp.          

Taha, H. (1996). "Modeling impacts of increased urban vegetation on ozone air quality in the South Coast Air Basin." Atmospheric Environment 30 (20): 3423-3430.          

Tapper, N. J. (2010). How trees save lives: The role of a well watered landscape in liveable cities. TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium September 2010.          

Thatcher, M. and P. Hurley (2012). "Simulating Australian urban climate in a mesoscale atmospheric numerical model." Boundary-Layer Meteorology 142: 149-175.          

Thom, B., J. Cane, et al. (2009). National Climate Change Adaptation Research Plan: Settlements and Infrastructure. Gold Coast, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility: 60pp.          

Trowbridge, P. and L. Mundrak (1988). Landscape forms for mitigating winds on shore-line sites. Ithaca, NY, National Endowment for the Arts and Cornell University.          

U.S. EPA (2011). "Heat Island Impacts." Retrieved 20.04.2011, from http://www.epa.gov/heatisland/impacts/index.htm.          

Vinodkumar, H. Guan, et al. (2011). "Influence of parks on urban environment: observational and numerical study over Adelaide, Australia." Atmospheric Environment (Under Review).          

Willraith, H. (2002). Modelling the energy conservation effects of tree shade using BERS. Report to Brisbane City Council.          

Wong, T. H. F. (2011). Blueprint 2011. Stormwater Management in a Water Sensitive City. Melbourne, The Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash University.

7. Water Management

Alexandri, E. and P. Jones (2008). "Temperature decreases in an urban canyon due to green walls and green roofs in diverse climates." Building and Environment 43: 480–493.          

Anon (2002). Research into the "effective life" of permeable pavement source control installations. Final Report Project 07 67680, June, Urban Water Research Centre, University of South Australia.          

Argue, J. R. (2004). Water Sensitive Urban Design: Basic Procedures for 'Source Control' of Stormwater. Adelaide, University of South Australia.          

ASLA (2006). ASLA 2006 Professional Awards: SW 12th Avenue Green Street Project, American Society of Landscape Architects.          

Bartens, J., S. B. Day, et al. (2008). "Can Urban Tree Roots Improve Infiltration through Compacted Subsoils for Stormwater Management?" Journal of Environmental Quality 37 (6).          

Beecham, S. (2012). Trees as essential infrastructure: Engineering and design considerations. The 13th National Street Tree Symposium 2012. Adelaide, SA.          

Beecham, S., M. Razzaghmanesh, et al. (2012). Introducing green infrastructure into the built environment of Adelaide 6th International Conference and Workshop on the Built Environment in Developing Countries. Adelaide, South Australia.          

Bernatzky, A. (1983). The effect of trees on the urban climate. Trees in the 21st Century. UK, AB Academic Publications: 59-76.          

Berndtsson, J. C., T. Emilsson, et al. (2006). "The influence of extensive vegetated roofs on runoff water quality." Science of theTotal Environment 355: 48–63.          

Bratiers, K., T. D. Fletcher, et al. (2008). "Nutrient and sediment removal by stormwater biofilters: a large-scale design optimisation study." Water Research 42: 3930-3940.          

Breen, P., L. Denman, et al. (2004). Street trees as stormwater treatment measures. International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design – Cities as catchments Adelaide.          

Brenneisen, S. (2006). "Space for urban wildlife: Designing green roofs as habitats in Switzerland." Urban Habitats 4: 27-36.          

Brisbane City (2013). Aussie i-Tree estimates of the environmental values of Brisbane’s street trees. Case Study Contributions to NUFA Website, Brisbane City Council.          

Cameron, D. (2011). "Maintaining Pre-Development Hydrology: The Eight Hydrologic Functions of Forests and Trees."          

Carter, T. and C. R. Jackson (2007). "Vegetated roofs for storm water management at multiple spatial scales." Landscape and Urban Planning 80: 84–94.          

Carter, T. and A. Keeler (2008). "Life-cycle cost-benefit analysis of extensive vegetated roof systems  " Journal of Environmental Management 87 350–363.          

Cheng, C., K. Cheung, et al. (2010). "Thermal performance of a vegetated cladding system on facade walls." Building and Environment 45: 1779-1787.          

Chiang, K. and A. Tan (2009). Vertical Greenery for the Tropics, National Parks Board, National University of Singapore, and Building and Construction Authority, Singapore.          

City of Chicago (nd). The Chicago Green Alley Handbook, Chicago Department of Transport (CDOT).          

City of Melbourne (2005). Water Sensitive Urban Design Guidelines, City of Melbourne.          

City of Seattle (2008). Seattle's Natural Drainage Systems, Seattle Public Utilities.          

Coffman, R. and G. Davis (2005). Insect and avian fauna presence on the Ford Assembly Plant ecoroof. Proceedings of the Third Annual International Green Roofs Conference: Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities, The Cardinal Group, Toronto.          

Craul, P. J. (1992). Urban Soils in Landscape Design. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.          

Crockford, R. H. and D. P. Richardson (2000). "Partitioning of rainfall into throughfall, stemflow and interception: effect of forest type, ground cover and climate." Hydrological Processes 14: 2903-2920.          

Currie, A. B. and B. Bass (2008). "Estimates of air pollution mitigation with green plants and green roofs using the UFORE model." Urban Ecosyst 11 (4): 409-422.          

Davey Resource Group (2008). City of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Municipal Forest Resource Analysis. Pittsburgh, PA., Friends of the Pittsburgh Urban Forest.          

Davis, A. P., M. Shokouhian, et al. (2001). "Laboratory study of biological retention for urban stormwater management. ." Water Environment Research 73 (5).          

Denman, L. (2006). Are street trees and their soils an effective stormwater treatment measure? TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide.          

Di, H. F. and D. N. Wang (1999). "Cooling effects of Ivy on a wall." Experimental Heat Transfer 12 (10).          

Dunnett, N. and N. Kingsbury (2004a). Planting Green Roofs and Living Walls. Cambridge., Timber Press.          

Durhman, A., N. D. VanWoert, et al. (2004). Evaluation of Crassulaceae species on extensive green roofs. Proceedings of 2nd North American Green Roof Conference: Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities, Portland, Oregon: 504-517.          

Eamus, D., T. Hatton, et al. (2006). Ecohydrology: vegetation function, water and resource management. Collingwood, Vic.          

Edwards, T. and T. Gale (2004). Trees in Paving. Plant user handbook: a guide to effective specifying. K. Fieldhouse and J. Hitchmough, Wiley-Blackwell: 143-151.          

FAWB (2009). Stormwater biofiltration systems: adoption guidelines, Facilty for Advancing Water Biofiltration Monash University.          

Feng, C., Q. Meng, et al. (2010). "Theoretical and experimental analysis of the energy balance of extensive green roofs." Energy and Buildings 42: 959-965.          

Ferguson, B. K. (2005). Porous Pavements. Boca Raton, Florida, Taylor and Francis.          

Fifth Creek Studio (2012). Green Roof Trials Monitoring Report. Adelaide, SA, SA Government’s Building Innovation Fund and Aspen Development Fund No.1.          

Frank, S. (2009). "Porous Paving." Retrieved 1 September 2009, from http://treelogic.com.au/facts/2009/03/porous-paving/.          

Getter, K. L., D. B. Rowe, et al. (2009). "Carbon sequestration potential of extensive green roofs " Environmental Science and Technology 43: 7564–7570.          

Gregoire, B. and J. Clausen (2011). "Effect of a modular extensive green roof on stormwater runoff and water quality." Ecological Engineering 37: 963-969.          

Henderson, C., M. Greenway, et al. (2007). "Removal of dissolved nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon from stormwater by biofiltration mesocosms." Water Science and Technology 55: 183-191.          

Hensher, D., N. Shore, et al. (2006). "Water supply security and willingness to pay to avoid drought restrictions." Economic Record 82: 56–66.          

Herrera Environmental Consultants (2008). The effects of trees on stormwater runoff., Seattle Public Utilities.          

Hilten, R. N., T. M. Lawrence, et al. (2008). "Modeling stormwater runoff from green roofs with HYDRUS-1D." Journal of Hydrology 358: 288–293.          

Hopkins, G. and C. Goodwin (2011). Living Architecture: green roofs and walls. Collingwood, VIC, CSIRO Publishing.          

Hough, M. (2004). Cities and Natural Processes: a basis for sustainability. London, Routledge.          

Johnson, T. (2009). TREENET trials 2009: a species odyssey. TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium 3rd and 4th September 2009, Adelaide.          

Köhler, M. and P. Poll (2010). "Long-term performance of selected old Berlin greenroofs in comparison toyounger extensive greenroofs in Berlin." Ecological Engineering 36: 722-729.          

Kosareo, L. and R. Ries (2007). "Comparative environmental life cycle assessment of green roofs. ." Building and Environment 42: 2606–2613.          

Landcom (2004). Water Sensitive Urban Design Strategy: Book One. NSW, Landcom.          

Lawry, D. (2008). From the gutter to the stomata by closest "root". TREENET Proceedings of the 9th National Street Tree Symposium 4th and 5th September 2008, Adelaide.          

Li, J., O. Wai, et al. (2010). "Effect of green roof on ambient CO2 concentration." Building and Environment 45: 2644-2651.          

Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory Council (2011). Living Melbourne Living Victoria Road Map. Melbourne, Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment.          

Lloyd, S. D., T. H. F. Wong, et al. (2002). Water sensitive urban design: a stormwater management perspective. Industry Report. Report 02/10. Monash University, Victoria, Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology.          

Lull, H. W. and W. E. Sopper (1969). Hydrologic effects from urbanization on forested watersheds in the Northeast, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Research Paper NE-146: 1-33.          

Maas, J., R. A. Verheij, et al. (2006). "Green space, urbanity, and health: how strong is the relation? ." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 60: 587-592.          

MacDonald, L. (1996). "Global problems, local solutions: measuring the value of the urban forest." American Forests 103 (4).          

May, P. (2009). Can trees survive the drought? The answer lies in the soil! TREENET Proceedings of the 10th National Street Tree Symposium 3rd and 4th September 2009, Adelaide.          

McPherson, E. G. (2010). "Energy, Climate Change, Air Quality, and Urban Greening." Decision Maker's Seminar. June 21, 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2011, from http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/programs/uesd/uep/products/powerpoint/PSW_CUFR792_CalReleaf_DecMakersWkshp_100621.pdf.          

Melbourne Water (nd). "Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD).". Retrieved 15 June 2012, from http://library.melbournewater.com.au/content/wsud/MW_WSUD_Brochure.pdf.          

Mentens, J., D. Raes, et al. (2006). "Green roofs as a tool forsolving the rainwater runoff problem in the urbanized 21st century? ." Landscape and Urban Planning 77: 217–226.          

Morgenroth, J. and G. D. Buchan (2009). "Soil Moisture and Aeration Beneath Pervious and Impervious Pavements." Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 35 (3): 135-141.          

Mulley, P., B. Simmons, et al. (2007). "Sustaining public open spaces through water recycling for irrigation: developing decision support tools and framework " International Journal of Water 3: 397–406.          

New York City Department of Design and Construction (2005). High Performance Guidelines: Best Practices for the Public Right-of-Way. New York.          

Oberndorfer, E., J. Lundholm, et al. (2007). "Green roofs as Urban Ecosystems: Ecological Structures, Functions ad Services." Bioscience 57(10): 823-833.          

Perkins, M. and D. Joyce (2012). Living Wall and Green Roof Plants for Australia, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.          

Porch, S., J. Zanker, et al. (2003). Stormwater harvesting trials for "irrigation" of street trees and water quality and quantity improvement. TREENET Proceedings of the 4th National Street Tree Symposium:4th and 5th September 2003, Adelaide.          

Rayner, J. P., K. J. Raynor, et al. (2010). "Façade Greening: a Case Study from Melbourne, Australia." Acta Horticulturae 881: 709-714.          

Razzaghmanesh, M. (2012a). Investigation of water quality and quality from green goofs. The 13th National Street Tree Symposium. National Wine Centre and the Waite Arboretum. Adelaide.          

Razzaghmanesh, M., S. Beecham, et al. (2012). The role of green roofs in Water Sensitive Urban Design in South Australia. 7th International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design, Melbourne, Australia, 21-23 Feb.          

Read, J., T. Wevill, et al. (2008). "Variation among plant species in pollutant removal from stormwater in biofiltration systems." Water Research 42: 893-902.          

Sailor, D. J. (2008). "A green roof model for building energy simulation programs." Energy and Buildings 40: 1466–1478.          

Shakel, B., S. Beecham, et al. (2008). Design of permeable pavements for Australian conditions. 23rd ARRB Conference-Research Partnering with Practitioners, Adelaide, Australia.          

Simmons, M. T., B. Gardiner, et al. (2008). "Green roofs are not created equal: the hydrologic and thermal performance of six different extensive green roofs and reflective and non-reflective roofs in asub-tropical climate " Urban Ecosystems 1–10.          

Skinner, C. J. (2006). "Urban density." Meteorology and Rooftops Urban Policy and Research 24: 355–367.          

Somes, N. and J. Crosby (2007). "Review of Street Scale WSUD in Melbourne: Study Findings." Retrieved 15 June 2011, from http://wsud.melbournewater.com.au/content/library/Review%20of%20retrofitted%20WSUD%20in%20Melbourne%20Final%20Report.pdf.          

Stein, T. (2009). Sustainable streetscapes stormwater capture. Decision Report, City of Unley.          

Stovin, V. R., A. Jorgensen, et al. (2008). "Street trees and stormwater management." Arboricultural Journal 30: 297-310.          

Susca, T., S. Gaffin, et al. (2011). "Positive effects of vegetation: urban heat island and green roofs." Environmental Pollution 159: 2119-2126.          

Thompson, I. H. and K. Sorvig (2008). Sustainable Landscape Construction: A guide to green building outdoors. 2nd. edition. Washington D.C., Island Press.          

Thompson, J. W. and K. Sorvig (2000). Sustainable Landscape Construction:A guide to green building outdoors. Washington D.C., Island Press.          

Van Renterghem, T. and D. Botteldooren (2008). "Numerical evaluation of sound propagating over green roofs." Journal of Sound and Vibration 317: 781–799.          

Van Renterghem, T. and D. Botteldooren (2009). "Reducing the acoustical façade load from road traffic with green roofs." Building and Environment 44 (5): 1081-1087.          

VanWoert, N. D., D. B. Rowe, et al. (2005). "Green roof stormwater retention: effects of roof surface, slope, and media depth." Journal of Environmental Quality 34: 1036–1044.          

Victorian Stormwater Committee (1999). Urban Stormwater: Best Practice Environmental Management Guidelines CSIRO Publishing.          

Vogel, M. (2006). "Moving Toward High-Performance Infrastructure." Urban Land (October).          

Walsh, C. J., RoyA.H., et al. (2005). "The urban stream syndrome: current knowledge and the search for a cure." Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24: 706–723.          

Wettenhall, G. (2006). Green Streets:Creative Stormwater Design. TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium:7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide.          

Williams, N. S. G., R. E. Hughes, et al. (2010). "The performance of native and exotic species for extensive green roofs in Melbourne, Australia." Acta Horticulturae 881: 689-696.          

Williams, N. S. G., J. P. Rayner, et al. (2010). "Green roofs for awide brown land: Opportunities and barriers for rooftop greening in Australia." Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 9: 245–251.          

Wong, N., Y. Chen, et al. (2003). "Life cycle costs analysis of rooftop gardens in Singapore." Building and Environment 38: 499-509.          

Wong, N., A. Tan, et al. (2010a,). "Thermal evaluation of vertical greenery systems for building walls." Building and Environment 45: 663-672          

Wong, N., A. Tan, et al. (2010b). "Acoustics evaluation of vertical greenery systems for building walls." Building and Environment 45: 411-420.          

Wong, N., P. Tan, et al. (2007). "Study of thermal performance of extensive rooftop greenery systems in the tropical climate." Building and Environment 42: 25–54.          

Wong, T., R. Allen, et al. (2011). Transitioning to a resilient, liveable and sustainable greater Melbourne (localised case studies), Living Victoria Ministerial Advisory Council.          

Wong, T. and R. R. Brown (2009). "The water sensitive city: Principles for practice." Water Science And Technology 60 (3): 673-682.          

Wong, T. H. F. (2006). "An Overview of Water Sensitive Urban Design Practices in Australia." Water and Technology 1 (1).          

Wong, T. H. F. (2011). Blueprint 2011. Stormwater Management in a Water Sensitive City. Melbourne, The Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Monash University.          

Wong, T. H. F. and . (2009). "The Water Sensitive City: Principles for Practice, Water Science and Technology." Water Science and Technology 60 (3): 673-682.          

Xiao, Q., E. G. McPherson, et al. (1998). "Rainfall interception by Sacramento's urban forest." Journal of Arboriculture. 24 (4).          

Xiao, Q., E. G. McPherson, et al. (2006). "Hydrologic processes at the urban residential scale." Hydrological Processes 21 (16): 2174 - 2188.          

Xiao, Q., E. G. McPherson, et al. (2000). "Winter rainfall interception of two mature open-grown trees in Davis, California." Hydrological Processes 14: 763-784.          

Xiao, Q. and G. E. McPherson (2002). "Rainfall interception by Santa Monica's urban forest." Urban Ecosystems 6: 291-302.          

Yang, J., Q. Yu, et al. (2008). "Quantifying air pollution removal by green roofs in Chicago." Atmospheric Environment 42: 7266-7273.         

8. Urban Ecology

Alberti, M. (2008). Advances in urban ecology: integrating humans and ecological processes in urban ecosystems. . New York, NY, USA., Springer.          

Alvey, A. A. (2006). "Promoting and preserving biodiversity in the urban forest." Urban Forestry & Urban Greening5(4): 195-201.          

Alvey, A. A. (2006). "Promoting and preserving biodiversity in the urban forest." Urban Forestry and Urban Greening5(4): 195-201.          

Angold, P. G., J. P. Sadler, et al. (2006). "Biodiversity in urban habitat patches " Science of the Total Environment360: 196-204.          

Australian Government (2009). "Biodiversity Hotspots." Retrieved 18 July 2012, from http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/hotspots/index.html>.          

Barnes, T. G. (1999). A Guide to Urban Habitat Conservation Planning. For-74, Cooperative Extension Service, Kentucky State University, College of Agriculture.          

Barnes, T. G. (1999a). Landscape Ecology and Ecosystems Management. For-74, Cooperative Extension Service, Kentucky State University, College of Agriculture.          

Beatley, T. (2000). Green Urbanism: Learning from European cities. Washington DC, Island Press.          

Beatley, T. (2009). "Biophilic Urbanism: Inviting Nature Back to Our Communities and Into Our Lives." William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review34(1): 209-238.          

Beatley, T. and P. Newman (2009). Green urbanism downunder: learning from sustainable communities in Australia. . Washington, DC, USA., Island Press.          

Birch, E. L. and S. M. Wachter, Eds. (2008). Growing greener cities: urban sustainability in the twenty-first century. . Philadelphia, PA, USA., University of Pennsylvania Press.          

Blair, R. B. (1996). "Land use and avian species diversity along an urban gradient." Ecological Applications 6: 506–519.          

Blair, R. B. (2001). Birds and butterflies along urban gradients in two ecoregions of the U.S. Biotic homogenization. J. Lockwood and M. L. McKinney. Norwell, Kluwer: 33-56.          

Blair, R. B. and A. E. Launer (1997). "Butterfly diversity and human land use : species assemblages along an urban gradient." Biological Conservation80: 113–125.          

Böhning-Gaese, K. (1997). "Determinants of avian species richness at different spatial scales " Journal of Biogeography24: 49–60.          

Boitani, L., A. Falcucci, et al. (2007). "Ecological Networks as Conceptual Frameworks or Operational Tools in Conservation." Conservation Biology.21(6): 1414-1422.          

Burghardt, K. T., D. W. Tallamy, et al. (2009). "Impact of native plants on bird and butterfly biodiversity in suburban landscapes." Conservation Biology.23: 219–224.          

Chace, J. F. and J. J. Walsh (2004). "Urban effects on native avifauna: a review." Landscape and Urban Planning74: 46–69.          

Chivian, E. and A. S. Bernstein (2004). "Embedded in nature: human health and biodiversity." Environmental Health Perspectives112(1).          

Cincotta, R. P., J. Wisnewski, et al. (2000). "Human population in the biodiversity hotspots." Nature404: 990-992.           

City of Melbourne (2011). Urban Forest Strategy: Making a great city greener 2102-2032. Melbourne, Vic.: 53pp.          

Clergeau, P., S. Croci, et al. (2006). "Avifauna homogenisation by urbanisation: analysis at different European latitudes." Biological Conservation 127: 336–344.          

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Daniels, C. B. (2012). Personal communication. University of South Australia, Adelaide.          

Daniels, C. B. and C. C. Tait (2006). Adelaide, Nature of a City:The Ecology of a Dynamic City from 1836 to 2036. Adelaide, BioCity:Centre for Urban Habitats.          

Daniels, G. D. and J. B. Kirkpatrick (2006). "Does variation in garden characteristics influence the conservation of birds in suburbia? ." Biological Conservation133: 326–335.          

Devictor, V., R. Julliard, et al. (2007). "Functional homogenization effect of urbanization on bird communities " Conservation Biology21: 741–751.          

Donnelly, R. and J. M. Marzluff (2004). " Importance of reserve size and landscape context to urban bird conservation " Conservation Biology18: 733–745.          

Dunn, R. R., M. C. Gavin, et al. (2006). "The pigeon paradox: dependence of global conservation on urban nature." Conservation Biology20: 1814–1816.          

Dye, C. (2008). "Health and urban living." Science 319: 766–769.          

European Commission (2012). The Multifunctionality of Green Infrastructure. Science for Environment Policy. In-depth Reports, European Commission’s Directorate-General Environment.          

Evans, K. L., S. E. Newson, et al. (2009). "Habitat influences on urban avian assemblages." Ibis 151: 19–39.          

Farr, D. (2008). Sustainable urbanism: urban design with nature. . Hoboken, NJ, USA., John Wiley & Sons, Inc.          

Fernandez-Juricic, E. (2000). "Avifaunal use of wooded streets in an urban landscape." Conservation biology14: 513-521.          

Fernández-Juricic, E. (2004). "Spatial and temporal analysis of the distribution of forest specialists in an urban-fragmented landscape (Madrid, Spain). Implications for local and regional bird conservation." Landscape and Urban Planning69: 17–32.          

Fisher, B., R. Costanza, et al. (2009). "Defining and classifying ecosystem services for decision making." Ecological Economics 68: 643-653.          

Fontana, S., T. Sattler, et al. (2011). "How to manage the urban green to improve bird diversity and community structure." Landscape and Urban Planning 101: 278–285.          

Forman, R. T. T. and M. Godron (1986). Landscape Ecology. New York., John Wiley and Sons.          

Frank, S., G. Waters, et al. (2006). "An analysis of the street tree population of greater Melbourne at the beginning of the 21st century." Arboriculture and Urban Forestry32(4).          

Fuller, R. A. and K. J. Gaston (2009). "The scaling of green space coverage in European cities." Biology Letters5: 352–355.          

Fuller, R. A., K. N. Irvine, et al. (2007). "Psychological benefits of greenspace increase with biodiversity." Biological Letters3(4): 390-394.          

Gaston, K. J., R. A. Fuller, et al. (2007). "Urban domestic gardens (XI): variation in urban wildlife gardening in the United Kingdom. ." Biodiversity Conservation 16: 3227–3238.          

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Grimm, N. B., S. H. Faeth, et al. (2008). "Global change and the ecology of cities " Science 319(5864): 756-760.

Groombridge, B. and M. Jenkins (2002). World Atlas of Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century. Berkley, CA, University of California Press.          

Hall, T. (2010). Whatever happened to the backyard? The 11th  National Street Tree Symposium 2010. Adelaide, SA.          

Hanski, I. (1999). Metapopulation ecology. Oxford, Oxford University Press.          

Head, L. (2004). "Nativeness, invasiveness and nation in Australian plants." Geographical Review94: 199-217.          

Home, R., N. Bauer, et al. (2009a). "Cultural and biological determinants in the evaluation of urban green spaces " Environment and Behaviour42: 494–523.          

Home, R., C. Keller, et al. (2009b). "Selection criteria for flagship species by conservation organizations." Environmental Conservation36: 139–148.          

Horwitz, P., M. Lindsay, et al. (2001). "Biodiversity, endemism, sense of place and public health: inter-relationships for Australian inland aquatic ecosystems." Ecosystem Health7: 253–265.          

Hough, M. (2004). Cities and Natural Processes: a basis for sustainability. London, Routledge.          

Ignatieva, M. (2010). Design and future of urban biodiversity. Urban  biodiversity and design. N. Muller, P. Werner and J. G. Kelcey. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell.          

Johnson, E. A. and M. W. Klemens (2005). Nature in fragments: the legacy of sprawl. New York. , Columbia University Press.          

Jost, L. (2006). "Entropy and diversity." Oikos113: 363–374.          

Kazemi, F., S. Beecham, et al. (2009). "Streetscale bioretention basins in Melbourne and their effect on local biodiversity." Journal of Ecological Engineering35(10): 1454–1465.

La Sorte, F. A. and M. L. McKinney (2007). " Compositional changes over space and time along an occurrence-abundance continuum: anthropogenic homogenization of the North American avifauna." Journal of Biogeography34: 2159–2167.          

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Lord, C. P., E. Strauss, et al. (2003). "Natural cities: urban ecology and the restoration of urban ecosystems. ." Virginia Environmental Law Journal 21: 317-350.          

Louv, R. (2005). Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder Algonquin Books.          

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Lucius, I., R. Dan, et al. (2011). "Green Infrastructure: Sustainable Investments for the Benefit of Both People and Nature." Retrieved 15 September 2012, from http://www.surf-nature.eu/fileadmin/SURFNATURE/Publications/Green_Infrastructure.pdf.          

MacArthur, R. H. and E. O. Wilson (1967). The theory of island biogeography. . Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press.          

Mallawaarachchi, T., M. D. Morrison, et al. (2006). "Choice modelling to determine the significance of environmental amenity and production alternatives in the community value of peri-urban land: Sunshine Coast, Australia." Land Use Policy23: 323-332.          

Martin, L. J., E. Ellis, et al. (2010). "Ecology: not in our backyards;." 95th Ecological Society of America Annual.          

Marzluff, J. M. (2001). Avian ecology and conservation in an urbanizing world. Boston., Kluwer Academic Publishers.          

Marzluff, J. M. and K. Ewing (2001). "Restoration of fragmented landscapes for the conservation of birds: a general framework and specific recommendations for urbanizing landscapes." Restoration Ecology9: 280–292.          

Marzluff, J. M., E. Shulenberger, et al., Eds. (2008). Urban ecology: an international perspective on the interaction between humans and nature. . New York, NY, USA., Springer.          

Mayer, F. S. and C. M. Frantz (2004). "The connectedness to nature scale: A measure of individuals’ feeling in community with nature " Journal of Environmental Psychology: 503-515.          

Mayer, P. (2010). "Urban ecosystems research joins mainstream ecology (Correspondence)." Nature467: 153.          

Mazza, L., G. Bennett, et al. (2011). Green Infrastructure Implementation and Efficiency Final report for the European Commission, DG Environment London, Institute for European Environmental Policy.          

McDonnell, M. J. and A. K. Hahs (2008). "The use of gradient analysis studies in advancing our understanding of the ecology of urbanizing landscapes: current status and future directions." Landscape Ecology23: 1143–1155.          

McDonnell, M. J., S. T. A. Pickett, et al. (1993). The application of the ecological gradient paradigm to the study of urban effects. Humans as Components of Ecosystems. M. J. McDonnell and S. T. A. Pickett. New York, USA, Springer-Verlag: 175-189.          

McHarg, I. L. (1979). Design with Nature. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Natural History Press.          

McIntyre, N. E., K. Knowles-Yanez, et al. (2000). "Urban ecology as an interdisciplinary field: differences in the use of "urban" between the social and natural sciences. ." Urban Ecosystems 4: 5-24.          

McKinney, M. L. (2002). "Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation." Bioscience52: 883–890.          

Meurk, C. and S. Swaffield (2007). "Cities  as  complex  landscapes:  biodiversity  opportunities,  landscape configurations and design directions." New Zealand Garden Journal10: 10-20.          

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Biodiversity synthesis. Washington, DC, World Resources Institute.          

Miller, J. (2006). "Restoration, reconciliation, and reconnecting with nature nearby." Biological Conservation127: 356–361.          

Miller, J. R. (2005). "Biodiversity conservation and the extinction of experience." Trends in Ecological Evolution 20: 430–434.          

Moll, G. and J. Petit (1994). "The urban ecosystem: putting nature back in the picture." Urban Forests14(5): 29-31.          

Møller, A. P. (2009). "Successful city dwellers: a comparative study of the ecological characteristics of urban birds in the Western Palearctic " Oecologia 159: Oecologia.          

Moore, G. M. (2003). Native trees: the value of selection. TREENET Proceedings of the 4th National Tree Symposium:4th and 5th September 2003, Adelaide.          

Moretti, M., P. Duelli, et al. (2006). "Biodiversity and resilience of arthropod communities after fire disturbance in temperate forests." Oecologia149: 312–327.          

Muller, N. and P. Werner (2010). Urban biodiversity and the case for implimenting the Convention on Biological Diversity in towns and cities. Urban biodiversity and design. N. Muller, P. Werner and J. G. Kelcey. Oxford, WileyBlackwell: 3-33.          

Muller, N., P. Werner, et al., Eds. (2010). Urban biodiversity and design. Oxford. , Wiley-Blackwell.          

Niemela, J. (1999). "Is there a need for a theory of urban ecology? ." Urban Ecosystems3: 57-65.          

Niemela, J. (1999a). "Ecology and urban planning." Biodiversity and Conservation8: 119-131.          

Opdam, P., E. Steingröver, et al. (2006). "Ecological networks: a spatial concept for multi-actor planning of sustainable landscapes." Landscape and Urban Planning 75: 322-332.          

Palomino, D. and L. M. Carrascal (2006). "Urban influence on birds at a regional scale : a case study with  the avifauna of northern Madrid province." Landscape and Urban Planning77: 276–290.          

Pickett, S. T. A., W. R. Burch, et al. (1997). "A conceptual framework for the study of human ecosystems in urban areas." Urban Ecosystems1: 185-199.          

Platt, R. H. (2004). "Toward ecological cities: adapting to the 21st century metropolis " Environment46(5): 11-27.          

Rapport, D. J. (1999). "Perspectives on ecological integrity." Environmental Value8: 116–118.          

Richards, N. A. (1993). "Reasonable guidelines for street tree diversity." Journal of Arboriculture19(6): 344-350.          

Roetman, P. E. J. and C. B. Daniels (2008). Including biodiversity as a component of sustainability as Australian cities grow: Why and how? TREENET Proceedings of the 9th National Street Tree Symposium 4th and 5th September 2008. Adelaide.          

Roetman, P. E. J. and C. B. Daniels, Eds. (2011). Creating Sustainable Communities in a Changing World. Adelaide, Crawford House Publishing.          

Sandström, U. G., P. Angelstam, et al. (2006). "Ecological diversity of birds in relation to the structure of urban green space " Landscape and Urban Planning77: 39–53.          

Sattler, T., D. Borcard, et al. (2010a). "Spider, bee and bird communities in cities are shaped by environmental control and high stochasticity." Ecology91: 3343–3353.          

Sattler, T., P. Duelli, et al. (2010b). "Response of arthropod species richness and functional groups to urban habitat structure and management " Landscape Ecology25: 941–954.          

Schultz, P. W. and J. Tabanico (2007). "Self, Identity, and the Natural Environment: Exploring Implicit Connections With Nature." Journal of Applied Social Psychology37(6): 1219-1247.          

Soule, M. E. (1991). "Land use planning and wildlife maintenance: guidelines for conserving wildlife in an urban landscape " Journal of the American Planning Association57: 313-323.          

Sushinsky, J. R., J. R. Rhodes, et al. (2013). "How should we grow cities to minimize their biodiversity impacts?" Global Change Biology 19: 401–410.          

Tait, C. C. and C. B. Daniels (2004). City life: urban areas as sinks, sources and refuges for plants and animals. Treenet Proceedings of the 5th National Street Tree Symposium: 2nd and 3rd September 2004.          

Tait, C. J., C. B. Daniels, et al. (2005). "Changes in species assemblages within the Adelaide metropolitan area, Australia, 1836–2002." Ecological Applications15: 346-359.          

Tarran, J. (2006). Trees, Urban Ecology and Community Health. TREENET Proceedings of the 7th National Street Tree Symposium: 7th and 8th September 2006, Adelaide, TREENET Inc.          

Taylor, S. G. (1990). "Naturalness: the concept and its application to Australian ecosystems." Proc. Ecological Society of Australia16: 411-418.           

Taylor, S. G., P. E. J. Roetman, et al. (2011). Urban Biodiversity. Creating Sustainable Communities in a Changing World. P. E. J. Roetman and C. B. Daniels. Adelaide, Crawford House Publishing.          

Thompson, I. H. (2000). The Ethics of Sustainability. Landscape and Sustainability. London, Spon Press.          

Townsend, M. and L. Sick (2011). Report on the City of Melbourne Urban Forest Strategy Health Indicators Project, Deakin University, School of Health and Social Development.          

Turner, W. R., T. Nakamura, et al. (2004). "Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature." Bioscience 54: 585–590.          

Tyne, R. (2000). "Bridging the gap: developers can see green - economic benefits of sustainable site design and low impact development." Land DevelopmentSpring: 27-31.          

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Tzoulas, K., K. Korpela, et al. (2007). "Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using GreenInfrastructure: A literature review." Landscape and Urban Planning81(3): 167–178.          

United Nations (2008). World Urbanization Prospects : the 2007 Revision NewYork, United Nations.

van Roon, M. R. (2005). "Emerging approaches to urban ecosystem management: the potential of Low Impact Urban Design and Development principles." Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management7: 125-148.          

Vimal, R., R. Mathevet, et al. (2011). "The changing landscape of ecological networks." Journal for Nature Conservation 20(1): 49–55.          

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Weber, T. (2007). Ecosystem services in Cecil County’s Green Infrastructure: Technical Report for the Cecil County Green Infrastructure Plan. Maryland, The Conservation Fund.          

White, J. G., M. J. Antos, et al. (2005). "Non-uniform bird assemblages in urban environments: the influence of streetscape vegetation." Landscape and Urban Planning71: 123–135.          

Whitford, V., A. R. Ennos, et al. (2001). "City form  and  natural  process - indicators for the ecological performance of urban areas and their application to Merseyside, UK." Landscape and Urban Planning  57: 91-103.          

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Young, K. Y. and T. Johnson (2006). The Value of Street Trees. Adelaide, Nature of a City: The Ecology of a Dynamic City from 1836 to 2036. C. B. Daniels and C. C. Tait. Adelaide, BioCity: Centre for Urban Habitats: 378-403.          

Zerbe, S., U. Maurer, et al. (2003). "Biodiversity in Berlin and its potential for nature conservation." Landscape and Urban Planning62: 139-148.

9. Food Production

Alaimo, K., E. Packnett, et al. (2008). "Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Urban Community Gardeners." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 40 (2): 94-101.

Alexander, J., M. W. North, et al. (1995). "Master gardener classroom garden project: An evaluation of the benefits to children." Children’s Environments 12 (2): 256-263.

Amy, S. (2008). Food For All Program progress report Swan Hill, Swan Hill Rural City Council.

Andersson, E. (2006). "Urban landscapes and sustainable cities." Ecology and Society 11 (1): 34.          

Armstrong, D. A. (2000). "Survey of community gardens in upstate New York: implications for health promotion and community development." Health Place 6: 319–327.     

Astbury, B. and P. Rogers (2004). Evaluation of the Stronger Families and Communities Strategy: Gilles Plains Community Garden. A case study, RMIT University Collaborative Institute for Research.    

Bagot, K. (2005). "The importance of green play spaces for children: Aesthetic, athletic and academic." Eingana: Journal of the Victorian Association for Environmental Education 28 (3): 12–16.     

Barker-Reid, F., G. A. Harper, et al. (2010). "Affluent effluent: Growing vegetables with wastewater in Melbourne, Australia, a wealthy but bone-dry city." Irrigation & Drainage Systems 21 (1-2): 79-94.  

Bartolomei, L., L. Corkery, et al. (2003). A Bountiful Harvest: Community gardens and neighbourhood renewal in Waterloo, The University of New South Wales: Sydney.          

Bell, A. and J. Dyment (2008). "Grounds for health: the intersection of green school grounds and health-promoting schools." Environmental Education Research 17 (1): 77-90.          

Blair, D., C. C. Giesecke, et al. (1991). "A dietary, social and economic evaluation of the Philadelphia urban gardening project." Journal of Nutrition Education 23: 161–167.   

Block, K. and B. Johnson (2009). Evaluation of the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Foundation, University of Melbourne.      

Born, B. and M. Purcell (2006). "Avoiding the local trap scale and food systems in local planning research." Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26, 195-207.26: 195-207.  

Brown, K. H. and A. L. Jameton (2000). "Public health implications of urban agriculture." J Public Health Policy 20–39.           

Browne, J., S. Laurence, et al. (2009). Policy and practice interventions to improve access and supply of nutritious food Melbourne, Victorian Aboriginal Controlled Health Organisation.          

Cameron, J., C. Manhood, et al. (2010). Growing the community of community gardens: Research contributions Community Garden Conference: Promoting sustainability, health and inclusion in the city University of Canberra 7-8 October 2010. 

Cammack, C., T. M. Waliczek, et al. (2002). "The green brigade: The psychological effects of a community-based horticultural program on the self-development characteristics of juvenile offenders." HortTechnology 12 (1): 82-86.         

Canaris, I. (1995). "Growing foods for growing minds: Integrating gardening and nutrition education into the total curriculum." Children’s Environments 12 (2): 134-142.  

Carlsson, L. and P. Williams (2008). "New approaches to the health promoting school: Participation in sustainable food systems " Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 3 (4): 400–417.           

City of Sydney (2009). City of Sydney Community Gardens Policy, Sydney City Council.        

City of Sydney (2011). City of Sydney Draft Footpath Gardening Policy 2011, Sydney City Council.   

Corkery, L. (2004). "Community gardens as a platform for education for sustainability." Australian Journal of Environmental Education 20 (1): 69-75.           

Crabtree, L. (2005). "Sustainable housing development in urban Australia: Exploring obstacles to and opportunities for ecocity efforts." Australian Geographer 36 (3): 333-350.

D‘Abundo, M. and A. Carden (2008). "Growing wellness: The possibility of collective wellness through community garden education programs." Community Development 39 (4): 83-94.   

David, P. and K. Hodgkin (2010). The role of community gardens in urban agriculture. Community Garden Conference: Promoting sustainability, health and inclusion in the city. University of Canberra 7-8 October 2010.       

Davis, J. (2010). Food security and community gardening in the Ashburton, Ashwood and Chadstone Neighbourhood Renewal Area Project Report. Melbourne, VicHealth.

Deane, N. (2009). Being at the table: A local partnership response to food insecurity. Hungry for Change, Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, 23rd October.          

Dirks, A. E. and K. Orvis (2005). "An evaluation of the junior master gardener program in third grade classrooms " HortTechnology 15 (3): 443-447.         

Dixon, J., A. Omwega, et al. (2007). "The health equity dimensions of urban food systems." Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 84 (1): 118-129.          

Doyle, R. and M. Krasny (2003). "Participatory rural appraisal as an approach to environmental education in urban community gardens " Environmental Education Research 9: 91–115.      

Drescher, A. W., R. J. Holmer, et al., Eds. (2006). Urban homegardens and allotment gardens for sustainable livelihoods: Management strategies and institutional environments. Tropical homegardens: A time-tested example of sustainable agroforestry Netherlands, Springer.      

DuPuis, E. M. and D. Goodman (2005). "Should We Go ‘Home’ to Eat?: Toward a Reflexive Politics of Localism." Journal of Rural Studies 21 (3): 359-371.         

Dyment, J. E. and A. C. Bell (2008a). "Our garden is colour blind, inclusive and warm: Reflections on green school grounds and social inclusion." International Journal of Inclusive Education 12 (6): 1-15.    

Eames-Sheavly, M. (1994). "Exploring horticulture in human culture: An interdisciplinary approach to youth education " HortTechnology 4 (1): 77-80.    

Edwards, F. and D. Mercer (2010). "Meals in metropolis: Mapping the urban foodscape in Melbourne, Australia." Local Environment15 (2): 153-168.    

Evers, A. (2010). Food choices and local food access among Perth’s community gardeners Community Garden Conference: Promoting sustainability, health and inclusion in the city. University of Canberra 7-8 October 2010.

Feagan, R. (2007). "The place of food: Mapping out the 'local‘ in local food systems." Progress in Human Geography 31 (1): 23-42. 

Fergie, D. (2005). Good food, great kids: An Indigenous community nutrition project, 2002-2004 Melbourne Indigenous Health Service, Yarra Valley Community Health Service, Eastern Health.          

Ferris. J., C. Norman, et al. (2001). "People, land and sustainability: Community Gardens and the social dimension of sustainable development " Social Policy and Administration 35 (5): 559-568.      

Firth, C. and D. Pearson (2010). Analysing the ‘community’ aspects of community gardens in the United Kingdom. Community Garden Conference: Promoting sustainability, health and inclusion in the city. University of Canberra 7-8 October 2010.

Flagler, J. (1995). "The role of horticulture in training correctional youth." HortTechnology  5 (2): 185-187.        

Francis, M. (1987). "Some Different meanings attached to a public park and community gardens." Landscape Journal 6 (2): pp. 1011987 6(2).       

Fulton, C. (2005). Growing Sustainable Communities: Community Gardens in the Australian Organic Movement Researching Sustainable Systems: Proceedings of the 1st Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR) 21 - 23 September 2005. Adelaide, South Australia.  

Gaynor, A. (2006). Harvest of the suburbs: An environmental history of growing food in Australian cities. Crawley, Australia, UWA Press.

Glover, T., D. Parry, et al. (2005a). "Building relationships, accessing resources: Mobilizing social capital in community garden contexts." Journal of Leisure Research 37 (4): 450-474.  

Glover, T. D. (2003). Community garden movement. Encyclopedia of community. C. K. and D. Levinson. Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage.       

Glover, T. D. (2003). "The story of Queen Anne Memorial Gardens: Resisting a dominant cultural narrative." Journal of Leisure Research 35 (2): 190-212.        

Glover, T. D. (2003a). "Taking the narrative turn: The value of stories in leisure research." Society and Leisure 26 (1): 145-167.    

Glover, T. D. (2004). "Social capital in the lived experiences of community gardeners." Leisure Sciences 26 (2): 143-162.           

Glover, T. D., K. J. Shinew, et al. (2005). "Association, sociability, and civic culture: The democratic effect of community gardening." Leisure Sciences 27: 5-92.  

Goltsman, S., L. Kelly, et al. (2009). "Raising ‘Free Range Kids’:Creating Neighborhood Parks That Promote Environmental Stewardship." Journal of Green Building 4 (2): 90-106.   

Goodman, D. (2004). " Rural Europe Redux? Reflections on alternative agro-food networks and paradigm change " Sociologia Rural is 44 (1): 3-16.          

Graham, H. and S. Zidenberg-Cherr (2005). "California teachers perceive school gardens as an affective nutritional tool to promote healthful eating habits " Journal of American Dieticians Association 105: 1797–1800.   

Grayson, R. (2007). Community gardens: Policy directions for Marrickville Council, . Petersham, NSW, Marrickville Council.           

Grayson, R. (2010). New connections in community gardening. Community Garden Conference: Promoting sustainability, health and inclusion in the city. University of Canberra 7-8 October 2010.        

Grayson, R. (2010a). Randwick City Council: Community garden guidelines, Randwick City Council.   

Grayson, R. (2012). "Farmers of the urban footpath." Retrieved 10/11/2012, from http://communitygarden.org.au/2010/04/09/verge-gardens/.      

Grayson, R. and F. Campbell (2000). Getting Started: Planning and Starting Your Community Garden, Australian City Farm and Community Gardens Network.      

Guitart, D., C. Pickering, et al. (2012). "Past results and future directions in urban community gardens research." Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 11: 364– 373.       

Hall, D. (1996). Community Gardens as an Urban Planning Issue University of British Columbia. Unpublished Masters Thesis.

Halweil, B. (2002). Halweil, B. (2002). Home grown: The case for local food in a global market. Washington .C, Worldwatch Institute.   

Halweil, B. (2004). Eat here: Reclaiming homegrown pleasures in a global supermarket. . New York, USA, Norton.    

Hancock, T. (2000). "People, partnerships and human progress: building community capital." Health Promotion International 16 (3): 275–280.         

Hanna, A. K. and P. Oh (2000). " Rethinking urban poverty: A look at community gardens." Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 20 (3): 207-216.   

Hatherly, J. (2003). Community Gardens: More Than Just Urban Green Spaces. Greening Cities Symposium, April 2003.           

Henryks, J. (2010). Reaping more from what you sow: Unexpected benefits in school kitchen garden volunteering. Community Garden Conference. Promoting sustainability, health and inclusion in the city. University of Canberra 7-8 October 2010.: 106-115.        

Hess, D. and L. Winner (2007). " Enhancing justice and sustainability at the local level: Affordable policies for urban governments." Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability 12 (4): 379-395.           

Holland, L. (2004). "Diversity and connections in community gardens: a contribution to local sustainability." Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability 9 (3).          

Holloway, L. and M. Keasfey (2000). "Reading the space of the farmers‘ market: A case study from the United Kingdom." Sociologia Ruralis 40: 285-299.

Houston, P. (2005). "Re-valuing the fringe: Some findings on the value of agricultural production in Australia‘s peri-urban regions." Geographical Research 43 (2): 209-223.

Howe, J. and P. Wheeler (1999). "Urban food growing: the experience of two UK cities." Sustainable Development 7: 13–24.      

Hujber, D. (2008). The barriers and challenges of ‘grow your own’ food schemes in Melbourne, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.

Hynes, H. P. and G. Howe (2004). Urban Horticulture in the Contemporary United States: Personal and Community Benefits Proceedings of the International Conference on Urban Horticulture 171-181.   

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